A cosmetologist is a doctor who deals with the elimination of aesthetic problems of the skin, hair and nails by cleansing the skin of the face, applying masks, applying makeup, and depilation.
Cosmetology is a branch of science that studies the issues of aesthetic problems of a person's appearance. Cosmetology develops methods for their identification and correction, examines their etiology and manifestations. Science is developing rapidly every year, mastering new methods of dealing with aesthetic problems and defects in appearance.
Cosmetology is closely related to many medical branches, such as: dermatology, physiology, physiotherapy, orthopedics, surgery, etc. This science is represented by two subsidiary branches of therapeutic and surgical cosmetology.
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- What does a beautician do?
- What diseases does a beautician treat?
- When is it necessary to see a beautician?
- Analyzes prescribed by the beautician
- Diagnostic methods used by a cosmetologist
- Cosmetologist recommendations
- Make an appointment with a beautician
What does a beautician do?
The main activity of this specialist is to maintain the beauty and youth of his patients of any gender.
The cosmetologist restores and corrects the skin, nails, hair, and subcutaneous fat by the methods available to him:
- Using conservative methods. For this, the specialist uses a variety of ointments, injections, solutions, lotions, creams, gels, etc. All these funds are injected or applied to problem areas. Massages, therapeutic baths and showers are considered auxiliary methods of conservative therapy.
- With the help of surgical methods. They are used only if the defect is serious and it is not possible to eliminate it with the help of conservative treatment methods. These can be scars, adhesions, benign formations, acquired and birth defects that spoil the quality of human life.
- Using hardware methods. For their implementation, specialized medical equipment is used that can affect the deep layers of the dermis.
In addition, the cosmetologist is engaged in promoting healthy lifestyles, gives advice on proper nutrition, sleep and wakefulness, physical education, etc. The cosmetologist selects means for regular skin, nails and hair care. For the prevention of skin defects, courses of therapy on apparatus, prophylactic lymphatic drainage and immunostimulating techniques, selected individually, can be recommended.
During the appointment, the beautician asks the person for complaints, examines him.
The following procedures can be performed if there are no contraindications:
- Laser therapy;
- Treatment with currents;
- Phono- and electrophoresis;
- Various types of facial cleansing;
- Application of medicinal masks, gels and other products;
- Performing massage;
In addition to non-invasive procedures, in the conditions of this specialist's office, the following procedures can be performed:
- Administration of botox, human collagen, bovine collagen, hyaluronic acid, polylactic acid, etc.;
- The introduction of your own adipose tissue, this procedure is called lipolifting;
- Correction of scar tissue using injections;
- Performing a median peel;
- Administration of drugs.
What diseases does a beautician treat?
The specialist can treat a variety of diseases that affect hair, skin and nails.
Among such pathologies:
- Acne (black, common, whiteheads);
Demodectic mange; (read also: causes and symptoms of demodex)
- Removal of nevi;
- Treatment of viral skin diseases: lichen, papillomas, herpetic eruptions;
- Treatment of mycotic diseases of nails and dermis: microsporia, trichophytosis, etc.;
- Removal of keratoses;
- Removal of corns and calluses, getting rid of cracks in the feet;
- Diaper rash treatment;
- Dermatitis therapy;
- Removal of hemangiomas;
In addition, the beautician is able to help eliminate wrinkles, or recommend remedies for their prevention, if the process of skin aging has not yet started.
When is it necessary to see a beautician?
Each person decides on their own that the time has come to see a specialist. However, it should be remembered that it is dangerous to delay the treatment of hair, skin or nail diseases. This threatens the transition of the acute phase of the disease to the chronic one and the development of complications in the future.
Among the warning signs that should make a person come to a specialist consultation are the following:
- The appearance of skin rashes.
- Puffiness of the skin.
- Prolonged incessant itching of the skin.
- Occasionally appearing boils, pustules.
- The appearance of moles and their increase in size.
- The appearance of acne, etc.
A dermatologist cosmetologist will examine the skin or other surfaces that the patient has complaints about and prescribe specific treatments. It can be both conservative and surgical. Often, the cosmetologist sends the patient for additional tests, which allow not only to clarify the diagnosis, but also to choose a treatment that will not do harm. Before surgery, taking tests is a mandatory procedure. If necessary, the patient is redirected to another, more narrow specialist. Often, people with problem skin, nails, hair need to be examined by a gatroenterologist, infectious disease specialist, endocrinologist, and gynecologist. They can expand the list of studies and prescribe their own therapy, which must be reported to the cosmetologist.
Analyzes prescribed by the beautician
Depending on the specific situation, the list of recommended analyzes can be expanded or reduced:
- LHC + study of glucose and lipoprotein levels.
- Analysis of feces for dysbiosis.
- Blood test for hormones.
- Blood test for viruses.
You may need to perform an ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity, pelvic organs, etc.
Diagnostic methods used by a cosmetologist
A specialist in his arsenal has non-invasive techniques that allow one to determine one or another aesthetic problem.
- Trichoscopy to assess the condition of the hair, hair follicles and scalp;
- Dermatoscopy, which allows assessing both the superficial and deep layers of the skin, as well as providing information about the condition of the nevi, the condition of the nails and existing diseases;
- Ultrasound of the skin and subcutaneous fat, allowing to identify various pathologies of the dermis and stages of their development (nevi, fibromas, fibrolipoids, ossificates, lipomas, hematomas, etc.);
- Confocal microscopy, which allows scanning the surface of the dermis in layers, which gives information close to histological examination;
Measuring the fat content of the skin by performing sebumetry, which provides information about the work of the sebaceous glands (about a decrease or increase in their activity, which can lead to various diseases, for example, to seborrheic dermatitis); (read also: Seborrheic dermatitis)
- OCT, which allows using an optical tomograph to obtain information about the condition of thin layers of the skin, mucous membranes, teeth;
- Performing bioimpedance analysis, which allows you to estimate the amount of adipose tissue, blood, lymph, intracellular fluid, fluid in edema, BMI, metabolic rate and other important data about the human condition.
Consultation with a cosmetologist is aimed not only at finding a problem and methods to eliminate it. A visit to the doctor can be of a preventive nature, with the aim of obtaining important recommendations, after an individual examination of the condition of the skin, hair, nails, etc.
The general advice of these specialists boils down to what is necessary:
Lead an active lifestyle and do not neglect physical activity;
- Eat properly;
- Know your type of skin and hair, in accordance with what, select products for their care;
- Do not go to bed with decorative cosmetics applied to your face;
- Do not sunbathe without using sunscreen;
- Do not overcool the skin and hair;
- If you experience symptoms of the disease, seek help from a specialist.
Make an appointment with a beautician
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