A pulmonologist is a doctor who diagnoses, treats and prevents diseases of the lungs and respiratory tract.
Among the most common pathologies faced by a specialist: asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia and other diseases.
The pulmonologist deals with the treatment of both adult patients and children. Children who have problems with the respiratory system are taken to a pediatric pulmonologist. It is important that the doctor is able to adequately assess the condition of the child, as many children are unable to describe their symptoms and sensations. To find a competent specialist, you should listen to reviews about him. If they are positive, then there is a high probability that the diagnosis will be carried out with high quality, and the treatment will have a positive effect.
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- When is it necessary to see a pulmonologist?
- What tests for diagnosis are taken by a pulmonologist
- Making an appointment with a pulmonologist
When is it necessary to see a pulmonologist?
If we take as a basis the reason for contacting a pulmonologist, then these will be diseases of the respiratory system, namely, pathologies of the bronchi and lungs. There are some dangerous symptoms that should not be ignored:
Smoker's cough. It is characterized by the occurrence in the morning hours, subsides only after the person gets rid of phlegm. Most often this is a sign that the smoker has manifested bronchitis. The danger of this condition lies in the fact that in the future a person may develop emphysema of the lung tissue, followed by the addition of respiratory failure.
- Dyspnea. Shortness of breath, characteristic of a state of rest, against the background of other pathologies of the respiratory system. It is often a sign of emphysema. If shortness of breath occurs unexpectedly, then this may indicate the onset of pneumonia, or disturbances in the work of the heart.
Shortness of breath, in which breathing is difficult. This condition is a sign of either asthma, bronchitis, or other bronchial problems. In this case, an appointment with a pulmonologist is important, who may send the patient for a consultation with an allergist. It is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible, since timely treatment is the key to the effectiveness of the therapy for such serious health problems.
Cough. Cough is a defense mechanism that allows the lungs to get rid of mucus, dust, and debris. A certain part of the brain is responsible for its occurrence. It is important to seek medical help if a cough occurs (see also: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Dry and Wet Cough in Adults) as an infection in the respiratory tract can deepen. Disease of the upper respiratory tract tends to spread to the lower respiratory tract, which is already threatening serious complications. The pulmonologist must examine the patient, since he is able to determine the cause of the disease that provoked irritation of the cough center and prescribe the necessary treatment.
- Bronchial asthma. The fact that a person suffers from bronchial asthma (see also: Attack of bronchial asthma) may be evidenced by precursor symptoms, including: mood swings, itchy eyes and skin, headaches, sneezing and other vasomotor reactions.
The acute phase of the disease is accompanied by a feeling of lack of oxygen, attacks of suffocation, against the background of which breathing becomes wheezing and wheezing, intense shortness of breath appears, a pressing feeling in the chest area. Inhalation is lengthened, exhalation is shortened, the skin turns pale, the veins in the neck swell. The phlegm during a coughing attack is separated with difficulty, the pulse becomes more frequent, the heart sounds are muffled. The transition of an attack to asthmatic status is not excluded - to a state that carries a direct threat to human life.
What tests for diagnosis are taken by a pulmonologist
- UAC with determination of the level of immunoglobulin in serum;
- Skin samples;
- The samples are provocative.
- X-ray examination.
Making an appointment with a pulmonologist
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