A fertility specialist is a doctor who treats infertility, specializing in the issues of conception and bearing a fetus.
Reproductology is a science that the object of research is the study of the normal reproductive function of a person, as well as its pathologies. The discipline deals with the prevention of disorders of the human reproductive system in every age period.
The main goal of a reproductive specialist is to help in the onset of pregnancy and in the birth of healthy offspring in couples with problems with reproductive function.
The profession of a reproductive specialist is extremely in demand, according to statistics, the impossibility of self-conception is a problem for about 20% of all married couples in the world. The doctor helps to overcome the problem of infertility, miscarriages, missed pregnancies. For this, he selects adequate therapeutic methods, after a comprehensive examination of the couple who asked for help.
There are normal, forensic and clinical reproductive studies. Each of the branches interacts with a variety of medical areas, such as: genetics, obstetrics and gynecology, urology, neurology, endocrinology, surgery, etc.
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- What does a reproductologist do?
- What diseases does the reproductologist treat?
- When should you see a fertility specialist?
- What tests do I need to take when contacting a reproductologist?
- Diagnostic methods used by a reproductologist
- Reproductologist recommendations
- Making an appointment with a reproductologist
What does a reproductologist do?
The doctor is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of infertility of various etiologies. He selects and develops methods and technologies for eliminating problems of reproductive function.
The reproductive specialist treats not only women but also men. Problems with conception in different sexes have certain differences and arise under the influence of many factors, including as a result of diseases, due to hormonal disruptions, under the influence of external causes, etc. It is these factors that a reproductive specialist should be able to identify and correctly eliminate them …
The doctor should be well versed in issues of human anatomy and physiology, in the features of male and female reproductive function, in the mechanisms of conception, etc.
What diseases does the reproductologist treat?
All diseases leading to problems with conception are in the competence of the reproductive specialist. He must be able to identify them and prescribe therapy. The doctor can work with the patient both independently and in cooperation with other specialists.
The reproductive specialist helps to cope with the following pathologies:
- Menstrual dysfunction.
- Cystic formations that form on the genitals.
- Sperm defects, sperm production disorders.
- Adhesive formations.
- Age-related changes affecting reproductive function.
- Hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism.
- Anomalies in the development of reproductive organs of a congenital nature.
- Reproductive system infections.
- Viral diseases.
- Hormonal regulation disorders.
- Ovulation disorders.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Infertility of unexplained etiology, etc.
If a couple is unable to conceive a child on their own, they need to seek help from a fertility specialist to try to solve this problem at a professional level. The specialist will help you more thoroughly understand this issue, perform a comprehensive diagnosis of both men and women. Based on the research results, the couple will be recommended appropriate treatment.
Read more: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Infertility
When should you see a fertility specialist?
When a woman has no problems with the menstrual cycle, menstruation is stable, ovulation is timely, she lives a regular sex life with a constant sexual partner and practices unprotected intercourse, but pregnancy does not occur throughout the year - this is a reason for contacting a reproductive specialist. If a woman is over 35 years old, then she needs a specialist consultation after six months of unsuccessful attempts at conception.
It is important that both sexual partners visit the doctor. The doctor will collect information about their health, lifestyle, characteristics of sexual behavior.
In addition, consultation is required in the following cases:
- The previous pregnancy ended in a spontaneous miscarriage;
- The woman was diagnosed with a missed pregnancy;
- Age-related changes in one or both sexual partners interfere with the conduct of a normal sex life and the possibility of conception;
- With pathologies of the reproductive system of a congenital nature;
- When hormonal disorders are found;
- With inflammation and infections of the genital organs;
- With sexually transmitted diseases.
What tests do I need to take when contacting a reproductologist?
If the couple has the results of the studies that they underwent before contacting the reproductologist, then they must be taken with them to the appointment.
This could be:
- Ultrasound examination results;
- Blood tests for thyroid and pituitary hormones;
- Research of hormones of the adrenal cortex;
- Blood test for ovarian hormones;
- Results of hysteroscopy or laparoscopy;
- Revealing antisperm bodies;
- Postcoital test results;
- Immunogram results;
- Results of hysterosalpinography;
- Analysis for blood coagulability and follicular reserve.
If research has not been carried out, then the reproductologist himself can prescribe them. The choice of these or those diagnostic methods is selected for each pair on an individual basis.
Diagnostic methods used by a reproductologist
The reproductive specialist most often uses the following diagnostic techniques in his practice:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs, which makes it possible to assess the condition of the uterus, ovaries, tubes, to identify their functionality and disorders. This method can be implemented using both an abdominal probe and a vaginal apparatus.
- Laparoscopy allows you to examine the abdominal organs through small punctures in the peritoneal wall. This procedure is prescribed in the case when other diagnostic methods (non-invasive) are of little information. In addition, during laparoscopy, the doctor can perform some surgical procedures and prevent the need for surgery in the future.
Hysterosalpinography this method makes it possible to assess the patency of the tubes, anomalies in the formation of the uterus, infantilism.
- A biopsy of the cervix makes it possible to perform a subsequent hysterological analysis for the detection of oncological processes and other pathologies.
The diagnostic methods that the reproductologist will prescribe will depend on the specific medical history and patient complaints.
- Eating foods rich in vitamins D and E has a positive effect on sperm quality. In addition, zinc, vitamin C and selenium should be included in the diet of every man.
- Sexual life in couples seeking to become pregnant should be regular (preferably every other day).
- The quality of sperm in the direction of its deterioration will be influenced by visiting baths and saunas, taking hot baths.
Obstacles to conceiving a fetus are alcohol, smoking, overweight and underweight.
- Pregnancy planning should include taking vitamin complexes, avoiding stress, adherence to a balanced diet. It is also important to stay in the fresh air for a sufficient amount of time.
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