An endocrinologist is a doctor who diagnoses, treats and prevents diseases of the endocrine system through hormonal correction.
In addition, the doctor is studying the functioning of the endocrine system, as well as the study of those etiological factors that lead to a failure in its work. This allows finding new methods of treating pathologies. That is, the endocrinologist deals with the therapy of disorders and eliminates their consequences. This is, first of all, the normalization of hormonal status, metabolic processes, sexual dysfunctions and other complications.
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- The main subsections of endocrinology
- What organs does the endocrinologist treat?
- What diseases does an endocrinologist treat?
- How is the examination by an endocrinologist going?
- Equipment in the endocrinologist's office
- When to visit an endocrinologist
- Symptoms of diabetes
- Symptoms of diabetes
- When should i see a doctor for the first time?
- Appointment with an endocrinologist
The main subsections of endocrinology
Endocrinology, as a branch of medicine, includes such areas as:
- Children's endocrinology. This branch deals with the study of problems related to the endocrine system during puberty and childhood.
- Diabetology. This branch deals with the detection, therapy and prevention of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Since many discoveries have been made in relation to this disease, diabetology has become an independent discipline at this point in time. The fact is that diabetes mellitus is a complex disease and it is rather problematic to treat it within the framework of any subsidiary branch of medicine.
What organs does the endocrinologist treat?
The endocrinologist is competent to treat the following organs:
- Pituitary gland and hypothalamus;
- Thyroid and pancreas;
- Pineal gland;
- Adrenal glands.
What diseases does an endocrinologist treat?
- Diabetes. These are pathologies that result from dysfunction of the pancreas and a lack of insulin.
- Diabetes is not sugar. This disease occurs due to dysfunction of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The main symptoms of the disease are frequent urination and a constant feeling of thirst.
- Thyroiditis of autoimmune origin, when, as a result of a lack of iodine, a pathological enlargement of the thyroid gland occurs. (Read also: Thyroid Disorders in Men and Women)
- Calcium metabolism failure. In this case, an increased or decreased content of this element is found in the blood serum.
Acromegaly. With this disease, there is an increase in the production of growth hormone.
- Any disorders that develop as a result of malfunctions of the endocrine system: osteoporosis, nervous and mental disorders, weight gain, sexual dysfunction and other diseases.
- Itsenko-Cushing's disease. As a result of this pathology, the activity of the adrenal glands is disrupted.
How is the examination by an endocrinologist going?
At the doctor's appointment, the patient will go through a series of procedures:
- To begin with, the doctor will find out the patient's complaints and take an anamnesis.
- Palpation and visual examination of the patient is the next stage of diagnosis. An additional examination of the genitals may be required.
- Measuring blood pressure and listening to heart rhythms.
- As needed, the patient is sent for additional diagnostic techniques, such as CT, MRI, ultrasound, puncture sampling, etc.
Equipment in the endocrinologist's office
Endocrinologist standard kit:
- A device for measuring sugar levels - glucometer;
- A standard set of a neurologist - a hammer, tuning fork, monofilament;
- Tests for the determination of ketone bodies and microalbuminuria in urine.
When to visit an endocrinologist
There are many diseases that are within the competence of this specialist. In this regard, the symptoms of the disease are also great.
Therefore, you can list only the main signs indicating that you need to consult a doctor:
- Increased heart rate.
- Tremor of the limbs, both lower and upper.
- Menstrual irregularities, delayed or excessive duration.
- Hyperhidrosis, disturbances in thermoregulation, excessive work of the sebaceous glands.
- Appetite disorders.
- Changes in body weight in the direction of increase or decrease, for no apparent reason.
- Difficulty concentrating, depressed mood.
- Infertility, the cause of which is unclear. (read also: causes, symptoms and treatment of infertility in men and women)
- Deterioration of the condition of nails and hair.
Recurrent constipation, difficulty falling asleep, nausea.
All these symptoms are an indicator that a person has problems in the endocrine system. It is possible that the concentration of calcium in the blood is increased or decreased, or there are disorders in the functioning of the thyroid gland or other pathologies.
Symptoms of diabetes
It is important not to miss the symptoms of this formidable disease and promptly seek qualified help:
- Frequent urge to empty the bladder.
- Itching of the skin and mucous membranes.
- Inflammation of the skin.
- Constant feeling of thirst.
- The appearance of muscle weakness, fatigue after short work.
- Vision problems.
- The onset of headaches against the background of a feeling of hunger.
- Painful sensations in the calf.
- Decrease in body weight against the background of increased appetite.
The need to visit an endocrinologist for a child
Sometimes children also need the help of this specialist, this happens when:
- He has a weakened immune defense.
- There are lags or advances in physical and mental development.
- Disorders of puberty have appeared, for example, underdevelopment of secondary sexual characteristics or large body weight.
When should you see an endocrinologist for the first time?
You can do without scheduled visits to a specialist if the above symptoms are completely absent.
However, it is worth visiting a doctor if:
- The birth of a child is planned.
- The woman is already carrying a child.
- There is a question of choosing contraceptives.
- The onset of menopause.
- Age over 45. Moreover, this rule applies to both sexes and does not depend on how a person feels. After this age limit, it is necessary to come to the annual preventive appointment with a specialist.