Hemorrhoids In Men - Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of Hemorrhoids In Men

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Video: Hemorrhoids In Men - Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of Hemorrhoids In Men

Video: Hemorrhoids In Men - Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of Hemorrhoids In Men
Video: Hemorrhoids | Piles | How To Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids | Hemorrhoids Treatment 2023, March
Hemorrhoids In Men - Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of Hemorrhoids In Men
Hemorrhoids In Men - Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Treatment And Prevention Of Hemorrhoids In Men

Hemorrhoids in men: causes, symptoms and treatment

Hemorrhoids in men
Hemorrhoids in men

Hemorrhoids in men is a common disease that causes a lot of trouble and significantly reduces the quality of life. Faced with such an ailment, men, unlike women, constantly postpone a visit to the doctor and thereby only aggravate the situation. Most of the men suffering from hemorrhoids are in the 30 to 50 age group. It is believed that a sedentary lifestyle (including the professional field of activity) can provoke the occurrence of hemorrhoids, therefore truckers, office workers and programmers who spend most of their working time at the computer, as well as men whose work or hobbies are directly related with hard physical labor (loaders, weightlifters, etc.).

Many men think that the disease goes away on its own, but this is far from the case. At the first symptoms, an urgent need to consult a specialist. Treatment of hemorrhoids, like any other disease, is much easier and more painless in the early stages. The peak of the disease occurs at the age of about 40 years. The emergence and untimely treatment of hemorrhoids at this particular age is most dangerous, since serious complications may appear: intestinal prolapse, thrombosis and other serious consequences.

The discomfort associated with the course of the disease causes a lot of worries and troubles. Itching, burning, pain and other symptoms of hemorrhoids provoke stress and nervous disorders. Men become stiff, withdrawn, irritable and even aggressive.

There are external and internal hemorrhoids. In the first case, the hemorrhoids become inflamed in the rectum itself, in the second, the inflammation of the nodes occurs in the anal canal (the nodes often fall out and cause bleeding).

The disease can be chronic or acute. In chronic hemorrhoids, the symptoms are "wavy" in nature: improvements are periodically replaced by painful sensations. Acute hemorrhoids cause severe pain in men and a sense of the presence of a foreign body.


  • Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids in men
  • The causes of hemorrhoids in men
  • What is the danger of hemorrhoids in men?
  • The consequences of hemorrhoids in men
  • How to treat hemorrhoids in men?
  • Prevention of hemorrhoids in men

Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids in men

Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids
Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids

The main symptoms of hemorrhoids in men include the following phenomena:

  • detection of blood after the act of defecation;
  • the presence of blood streaks in the feces;
  • painful sensations in the anus;
  • itching and irritation;
  • prolapse of hemorrhoids.

The first signs of hemorrhoids may not appear immediately. In the early stages of the disease, minor symptoms are often ignored. Also, the signs of hemorrhoids can be individual in nature or appear more or less than other symptoms.

The main signs of hemorrhoids in men

The main signs of hemorrhoids in men are characterized by such phenomena as:

  • frequent constipation caused by the compression of feces by hemorrhoids;
  • secretion of mucus;
  • a feeling of discomfort, burning and irritation in the anus;
  • swelling;
  • inflammation;
  • bleeding;
  • prolapse of hemorrhoids;
  • painful bowel movements and tingling sensations;
  • difficult bowel movement.

The causes of hemorrhoids in men

The causes of hemorrhoids in men
The causes of hemorrhoids in men

Hemorrhoids in men are individual in nature, therefore, it is unlikely that it will be possible to name the specific causes of hemorrhoids in each patient.

However, there are several main factors that contribute to the development of hemorrhoids in men:

  • heredity. The likelihood of the disease increases with the number of cases of hemorrhoids in the patient's male relatives;
  • sedentary lifestyle, professional field of activity. A special risk group includes drivers, accountants, programmers and office workers. A sitting position for several hours or more leads to a slowdown in blood circulation in the small pelvis, which is a favorable condition for the development of hemorrhoids;
  • age-related changes;
  • congenital malformations (for example, lack of valves in the hemorrhoidal veins);
  • hard physical labor or hobbies associated with lifting weights;
  • chronic bronchitis, intestinal obstruction and tumors in the small pelvis are often accompanied by the formation of hemorrhoids;
  • chronic and frequent constipation caused by insufficient intake of fiber (vegetables and fruits) and eating large quantities of meat, which leads to slow digestion and stagnation of food;

  • excessive alcohol consumption. With abundant libations, there is an increased blood flow to the pelvic region. Lovers of strong alcoholic beverages are especially susceptible to the formation of hemorrhoids;

What is the danger of hemorrhoids in men?

The most important and most common danger of hemorrhoids is the presence of bleeding from the rectum. If after the act of defecation, a small amount of bloody discharge is noted, this is not so dangerous. However, bleeding can gradually increase, which will inevitably lead to immediate hospitalization. Bleeding that lasts for an hour (or more) requires a radical method of resolving the problem - surgery.

Read more: Bleeding from the anus - causes, suppositories, treatment

Another dangerous consequence of hemorrhoids in men is the formation of blood clots in the hemorrhoidal veins. Blood clots get into the lumpy nodes and can lead to thrombosis. Failure to take measures can cause necrosis of some area of the intestine, since the rectum feeds on blood from hemorrhoids. At the initial stage, conservative treatment is prescribed, but if the phenomenon begins to take on a chronic nature, the patient expects surgery.

Paraproctitis is another dangerous complication of hemorrhoids, characterized by purulent inflammation of the adjacent tissues. At the first symptoms of paraproctitis, it is necessary to consult a surgeon. If treatment is not started on time, the inflammatory process can invade other tissues, leading to the formation of a fistula. Pus can enter the abdominal area or retroperitoneal space.

Another consequence of neglected hemorrhoids is the formation of anal fissures, the occurrence of edema and discharge. With the spread of the inflammatory process to the surrounding tissues, edema of the entire groin area is possible.

On the subject: How to cure hemorrhoids?

The consequences of hemorrhoids in men

The consequences of hemorrhoids
The consequences of hemorrhoids

Untreated hemorrhoids can lead to a number of consequences:

  • Hemorrhoidal anemia. A decrease in the number of red blood cells in the blood can cause anemia, characterized by symptoms such as increased fatigue, lethargy, poor appetite, pallor of the skin, dizziness, exhaustion, etc. Loss of blood in large volumes can cause acute anemia, requiring immediate removal of the hemorrhoid;

  • Pinched hemorrhoids. In the later stages, prolapse of hemorrhoids is possible. The process is very painful and is often accompanied by pinched nodes. As a result, an inflammatory process develops, leading to tissue necrosis;

  • Cracks in the rectum. Most men suffering from hemorrhoids have cracks in the rectum. Cracks are dangerous because they can cause paraproctitis.

  • Nonspecific colitis. An untimely cured disease leads to inflammation of the intestinal mucosa and ulceration. Nonspecific colitis is accompanied by weakness, indigestion, bloody and mucous discharge and a general deterioration in well-being;

  • Cryptite. Hemorrhoids prevent the emptying of the depressions in the anal canal (morgan crypts), which provokes their inflammation - cryptitis. The consequences of cryptitis can be paraproctitis, purulent proctitis and internal fistula;

  • Thrombosis. The accumulation and congestion in the blood nodes can lead to the formation of blood clots. This condition is accompanied by very painful sensations. The inflammatory process can affect the surrounding tissues, resulting in necrosis;

  • Paraproctitis. The condition is characterized by inflammation of the fatty tissue around the rectum. The disease gradually leads to suppuration and acute paraproctitis. At the same time, the patient's condition deteriorates greatly, then intoxication of the body begins;

  • Fistula. The most favorable conditions for infection penetration is the presence of a fistula. It may bother you quite often, or it may not make itself felt for years. If antibiotic treatment does not give the desired result, they resort to surgical intervention;

  • Gas gangrene of the small pelvis. A very dangerous and difficult to treat condition. Occurs when pus enters the pelvic area;

  • Malignant tumors. If the fistula exists for a long time, it can transform into cancer. The most terrible and most dangerous consequence of hemorrhoids is rectal cancer. Delaying a visit to the doctor can cost your life, as the symptoms of hemorrhoids and cancer are very similar. If blood is found in the feces, it is necessary to conduct all examinations prescribed by the proctologist in order to exclude the presence of a malignant tumor.

How to treat hemorrhoids in men?

Like any disease, hemorrhoids are the easiest to treat in the early stages. For the treatment to give good results, the methods of getting rid of hemorrhoids must correspond to the existing stage. The most important thing is to complete the course of the prescribed procedures to the end, otherwise the risk of exacerbation of the disease increases significantly. Many men do the procedures exactly until there is significant relief, after which they abandon the treatment. Any untreated disease is a favorable condition for the recurrence of the disease.

There are many modern treatments for hemorrhoids in men. As a result of the medical examinations, the doctor will choose the most appropriate treatment tactics. With mild to moderate severity, drugs, suppositories and procedures are usually prescribed. In modern medicine, painless and safe methods of treating hemorrhoids using special equipment are widely used. In severe stages, surgical intervention is unlikely to be possible. Minimally invasive techniques such as cryodestruction, sclerotherapy, photocoagulation, or latex ring ligation are often used. Hemorrhoids can be cured only when the lifestyle is radically revised and when all risk factors for the development of the disease are eliminated.

There are several ways to treat hemorrhoids:

  • Systemic remedies (medication)
  • List of suppositories for hemorrhoids
  • List of ointments for hemorrhoids
  • Modern minimally invasive techniques
  • Diet for hemorrhoids
  • 7 best folk remedies for hemorrhoids

Prevention of hemorrhoids in men

Prevention of hemorrhoids in men
Prevention of hemorrhoids in men

Prevention of hemorrhoids in men is a set of measures aimed at preventing the development of the disease. These measures should be taken not only by suffering or successfully treated men, but also by absolutely healthy people. Preventive measures may include the following points:

  • If your professional activity is associated with a sedentary lifestyle (staying in the office for a long time in one place, driving a car, etc.), you need to take breaks for 8-15 minutes every few hours (ideally, every 2-3 hours). During this rest, you can do a little warm-up, exercise, or walk somewhere in order to strengthen the gluteal muscles;
  • It is recommended to change the soft office chair to a more rigid one;
  • You need to completely revise the diet. It is necessary to exclude or minimize the consumption of food that contributes to constipation and slows down the gastrointestinal tract. It is better to take food several times a day in small portions. A sufficient amount of vegetables, fruits and fermented milk products should be included in the daily menu. It is recommended to drink one and a half to two liters of clean water per day (other liquids are not included in this indicator). It is also necessary to limit the consumption of alcoholic beverages, fatty and spicy foods;
  • If possible, take a cool or warm shower after each bowel movement. It is also recommended to use only soft toilet paper that does not irritate the anus;
  • When emptying the intestines, you should try to relax as much as possible and not push.

The author of the article: Volkov Dmitry Sergeevich | c. m. n. surgeon, phlebologist

Education: Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry (1996). In 2003 he received a diploma from the Educational and Scientific Medical Center of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation.

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