Causes and symptoms of fibroids
What is fibroids?
Uterine fibroma is a benign mature tumor that has a connective tissue structure and emanates from the walls of the uterus.
Today, the diagnosis of uterine fibroids has become one of the most common tumors of the internal genital organs in women.
Scientists have not been able to figure out the exact causes of fibroids. According to statistics, women from 25 to 50 years old most often apply for the treatment of fibroids, therefore, it can be assumed that hormonal levels affect the development of the disease.
There is an assumption that the cause of the development of the tumor may be the constant dissatisfaction with the woman's sexuality. This opinion is based on the fact that lack of orgasm and irregular sex cause stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs.
Nevertheless, this is not enough for the onset of tumor development; pathology is usually accompanied by hormonal imbalance and a decrease in antioxidant levels. This assumption is supported by the fact that with the onset of menopause, the neoplasm can significantly decrease in size, while in women over 45 years of age, fibroids are very rare.
Still, you should not count on the complete disappearance of the nodes, since the tumor consists, among other things, of muscle fibers. Symptoms of the disease may also appear after hormonal treatment if estrogen-containing drugs are used during therapy. Pregnancy, causing changes in hormonal levels and an increase in the concentration of estrogen and progesterone in the blood, can also increase the manifestation of fibroids.
Among the causes of fibroids, modern scientists also call chronic infectious diseases that proceed slowly and without pronounced symptoms.
The symptoms of fibroids depend on the location of the myomatous node. If the node is localized in the abdominal region, then the pathology will make itself felt by severe pain, aggravated by the pressure of the node on the bowel loops or the pelvic organs. Most often, in this case, single fast-growing nodes are formed. Over time, they become necrotic due to the rapid formation of vascular deposits. An increase in the symptoms of the disease may indicate the onset of peritonitis.
The nodes of uterine fibroids can be located in the muscles or in the submucosal layer. This pathology is characterized by frequent bleeding, leading to anemia. Patients complain of general malaise, weakness, dizziness, headaches. Also, the disease is characterized by bleeding that is not related to physiological.
During pregnancy, the symptoms of fibroids may appear more pronounced or practically disappear, depending on the location of the node.
For the diagnosis, in addition to the patient's complaints, the size of the uterus, which changes during the illness, is of great importance. Doctors sometimes associate the growth of the uterus with a specific gestational age. An ultrasound method allows an accurate diagnosis, which confirms or refutes the assumptions of doctors, especially if the fibroid is located atypically - in the lower parts of the uterus or on its back wall. Also, MRI and hysteroscopy can be used to make a diagnosis.
Fibroids can be treated using traditional recipes and methods of official medicine. Patients who have been diagnosed with fibroids need to be constantly monitored by a gynecologist in order to prevent deterioration of the condition in a timely manner and select an effective therapy.
If the cause of the onset of symptoms of the disease is a hormonal failure, then the correction of the hormonal background is carried out with appropriate drugs. It is important to remember that only a doctor can prescribe medications containing hormones after an examination. The operation can be indicated for patients who seek help from specialists too late, or when a rapid tumor growth is detected. Most often, a rapidly progressing tumor indicates a malignant neoplasm. Surgical intervention can be traditional (with transabdominal access), or with the use of laparoscopy.
Article author: Mochalov Pavel Alexandrovich | d. m. n. therapist
Education: Moscow Medical Institute. IM Sechenov, specialty - "General Medicine" in 1991, in 1993 "Occupational Diseases", in 1996 "Therapy".