Hemorrhoids in women: the first signs, causes and treatment
Hemorrhoids in women is a disease that occurs in the rectum and anus due to the enlargement of varicose veins. How effective the treatment of this ailment will be and its duration depends only on a timely visit to a doctor.
It is believed that hemorrhoids are a purely male disease, however, this is not the case. Many women face this problem. According to experts, the occurrence of hemorrhoids directly depends on the lifestyle that they lead, and it can also be inherited from one of the parents.
- The first signs of hemorrhoids in women
- Symptoms of hemorrhoids in women
- Causes of hemorrhoids in women
- Anal sex and hemorrhoids
- What is the danger of hemorrhoids in women?
- How to treat hemorrhoids in women?
The first signs of hemorrhoids in women
The first signs of hemorrhoids in women are manifested individually in all. Very often no one attaches the necessary importance to them.
Here are some things to watch out for:
- a feeling of discomfort and heaviness in the anal area;
- slight bleeding during bowel movements;
- swelling and inflammation of the anus;
- tingling or pain in the anal area;
- prolapse or swelling of hemorrhoids;
- secretion of mucus.
Any of these signs is a signal to immediately consult a doctor, because it is he who can say that this is only the first sign of hemorrhoids or some other serious disease.
Symptoms of hemorrhoids in women
The symptoms of hemorrhoids in women can be very different, it depends on the stage of the disease and the structural features of the female body. Hemorrhoids always develop gradually; they do not appear overnight. The following symptoms indicate the presence of external hemorrhoids:
- burning and itching in the anal canal;
- feeling of some foreign body in the anal area;
- blood in the stool, bleeding from the rectum;
- severe pain in the anus when moving or sitting;
- prolapse of hemorrhoids;
- heaviness in the stomach;
- there is no feeling of complete bowel movement;
If severe inflammation occurs, this leads to an exacerbation of the disease, as a result of which a high temperature rises, and hemorrhoids become blue.
Causes of hemorrhoids in women
Previously, this disease was called "royal disease." Now the more modern name “disease of civilization” is being heard. Both names reflect the same cause of hemorrhoids - a sedentary, sedentary lifestyle. This is the most obvious cause of hemorrhoids. But there are others:
- violation of the balance of blood circulation in the pelvic organs, due to a weakened anal sphincter;
- long-term diets that provoke constipation;
- in young girls, hemorrhoids can occur during menstruation, since at this time the blood rushes to the pelvic organs;
- inflammation of the internal female organs, appendages are the cause of blood stagnation in the veins and vessels of the small pelvis;
- due to prolonged standing or, conversely, prolonged sedentary work;
- long sitting at the computer leads to the fact that the muscles of the rectal region weaken, venous stasis occurs in the limbs and small pelvis;
in pursuit of a perfect body, cleansing enemas are too often used, which help to relax the muscles of the anal sphincter;
- excessively frequent and rough anal sex;
- pregnancy and childbirth;
- tumors that appear in the pelvic area;
- excess weight;
- interrelated diseases that can lead to an outflow of blood in the pelvic area, and as a result, the expansion of varicose veins.
Anal sex and hemorrhoids
Often they try not to mention this reason, as it can be embarrassing and embarrassing.
Hemorrhoids and anal sex are often interconnected. Despite the fact that these are just features of the sexual side of life. Moreover, in modern society, at least once, but everyone has tried this kind of sexual pleasure.
For some, this is a great way to avoid getting pregnant while still getting the satisfaction they want.
During anal sex, there is a direct impact on the area at risk. Physiologically, the anal opening is not designed to allow foreign objects to enter. That is why the introduction of various objects inside, which are larger than the natural dimensions of the anus, negatively affects the condition of the walls of the rectum, which may well lead to ruptures and the formation of microcracks.
In addition, penetration into the anus also affects the microflora of the large intestine, disrupting blood circulation. This can be one of the reasons for the formation of blood stagnation in the veins and vessels of the small pelvis, as well as lead to swelling of hemorrhoids.
Addiction to anal sex is one of the causes of hemorrhoids in women.
However, this does not mean at all that it is worth giving up such pleasure. It is enough to follow some prevention rules in order to reduce the likelihood of the onset of the disease: use lubricants (special lubricants), do not forget about the hygiene of the anus and perineum, while engaging in anal sex, take breaks for several days.
Of course, the most effective way to minimize the occurrence of the disease is to completely abandon anal sex.
It is believed that such sex contributes to the treatment of hemorrhoids. This is an erroneous opinion, when this disease occurs, anal sex is generally contraindicated.
What is the danger of hemorrhoids in women?
Not everyone knows how dangerous hemorrhoids are for women.
Thrombosis of nodes
The most common consequence of this disease is usually nodal thrombosis. Most often, it appears after attempts to defecate and, as a result, swelling of the prolapsed hemorrhoids. Often, edema appears along with poor circulation in the rectum, which contributes to the formation of more blood clots.
Very often, at the same time, severe cramps and pains in the anus, constipation, swelling of the nodes, semi-liquid discharge with an unpleasant odor appear. On external examination, hemorrhoids with blood clots have a white coating and an irregular shape.
Complications in the form of bleeding from the anus are also characteristic. The nature of such bleeding indicates the degree of damage to the rectum, therefore, at the first discharge of blood, it is imperative to consult a specialist.
One of the complications can also be the development of paraproctitis. This is a condition that causes the inflamed tissue around the anus to fester.
Paraproctitis can be chronic or acute:
- Chronic is the consequences of an incorrectly selected method of treating an exacerbation of hemorrhoids.
- Acute - occurs in the absence of simple rules of personal hygiene, cracks and injuries of the anal canal.
Damage to the glands located near the rectum is also an unpleasant consequence of hemorrhoids. It is these violations that cause the infection to enter the rectum. As a result, inflammation develops, abscesses appear. Moreover, abscesses can form in the intestines and under the skin of the perineum.
Symptoms Unlike hemorrhoids, paraproctitis has no symptoms or signs; it occurs suddenly. This complication is manifested by malaise, fever, weakness, severe pain and chills.
In the area of the anus, severe redness of the skin appears. Therefore, it is very important to take all the necessary measures in time to prevent the disease from gaining full strength.
Read more about the causes, symptoms and treatment of paraproctitis here
What to do? If hemorrhoids are complicated by the appearance of paraproctitis, then it must be treated immediately. Otherwise, more serious complications may occur, which gradually lead to the destruction of the intestinal walls. This process can spread to the female genital organs, which is very dangerous if the woman is pregnant.
We can say that complications can arise only in the absence of timely treatment. It is quite easy to avoid unpleasant consequences if at the first symptoms you turn to the appropriate specialist and start treatment on time.
The consequences of hemorrhoids in women
Many patients postpone a trip to the proctologist in a distant box, believing that the disease can go away on its own. This is a serious misconception that can cause severe harm to the body.
The consequences of hemorrhoids are mainly complications that have developed due to the lack of proper treatment.
The main consequences of hemorrhoids are:
- The formation of polyps in the colon. On the walls of the intestine, polyps appear completely imperceptibly and painlessly, they are found only with a complete examination. Such growths are quite dangerous because they can cause cancer.
- Rectal cancer. The older the person is, the more likely it is to develop rectal cancer. The highest probability of such a disease is in women who are in the pre-climatic age. It is for this reason that preventive examinations of the proctologist should be carried out regularly.
- Spastic colitis. Symptoms of this disease will be diarrhea, bloating, acute pain in the anal area, abdominal pain. This bowel disease very often develops along with hemorrhoids and it is not always possible to notice it in time.
- Constipation is one of the many reasons hemorrhoids appear. Difficulties in the process of defecation begin at the 2nd or 3rd stage of the disease. To avoid constipation, it is very important to follow the correct diet, refuse unhealthy foods, consume more fiber and dairy products.
- Cracks in the anus. The cause of their appearance can be constipation, due to very hard stools and frequent, strong attempts, malnutrition. In addition to painfulness, these cracks are dangerous because they create an ideal environment for the spread of bacteria and infections into the body.
Paraproctitis is the destruction and inflammation of the skin and tissues in the anal canal.
- Cryptitis is an inflammation of the anal blind processes of the rectum. And it is with this complication that paraproctitis can begin and a malignant tumor can occur.
- Ulcerative colitis - inflammation of the walls of the colon and rectum occurs. The mucous membrane becomes inflamed and ulcerated. At the onset of the disease, bleeding from the anus may appear.
Hemorrhoids during pregnancy greatly affect the bearing of the fetus, especially in the third trimester. The discomfort experienced by the expectant mother will be much stronger than that of a healthy woman. The postpartum period can be prolonged and more painful due to hemorrhoids.
This is a list of only the most common complications that can occur if hemorrhoids are left untreated. Therefore, before deciding that such a disease can go away on its own, it is worth considering what the consequences may be.
Before prescribing treatment for hemorrhoids, the doctor determines the stage of the disease.
In the area of the anus, you can independently feel a small seal (lump), in which after a bowel movement there is a burning sensation and itching. At this stage, the disease can be cured in 2 or 3 weeks if you see a doctor in time.
The hemorrhoidal lump is greatly enlarged, more painful and dense. During bowel movements, the bumps come out, and after it, they themselves come back. Discharge appears from the anus in the form of an inflammatory fluid with blood - this is what irritates the rectal mucosa and causes discomfort. At this stage of the disease, more than 80% of women try to see a doctor.
In the third stage, 18% of patients continue to suffer further and ignore all symptoms. Hemorrhoids in the third stage fall out during bowel movements, heavy lifting, active movement. Sitting in a previously familiar position becomes very uncomfortable and painful. A neglected disease requires immediate medical attention.
At this stage, only 2% endure discomfort and self-medicate, which does not give results, do not want to go to the doctor.
The first stage of the disease allows treatment at home without hospitalization. While the second and third - require a hospital stay. More advanced cases or the fourth stage are treated only with surgery.
How to treat hemorrhoids in women
- Topical preparations in the form of ointments for hemorrhoids and rectal suppositories. They relieve pain and inflammation, eliminate itching and burning. They will be most effective only in the initial stages of the disease. Sometimes used in the later stages as pain relievers or haemostatic agents.
- Oral preparations, i.e. pills, most often antibiotics, laxatives, phlebotropic and pain relievers.
- At the initial stage of the disease, the sclerotherapy method will be effective.
- Ligation is also used as a treatment: hemorrhoids are enclosed in rings, and after 2 weeks they completely disappear.
- The surgical method of treating hemorrhoids is used only in the fourth stage of the disease, if all of the above methods have not yielded any result.
On the subject: Diet for hemorrhoids / 7 best folk remedies for hemorrhoids
Prevention of hemorrhoids in women
In order to protect yourself and your body from the appearance of such an unpleasant disease as hemorrhoids, you need to follow some recommendations for its prevention:
- the intestines should work normally, which means that there should be no constipation or diarrhea. Soups and a lot of fiber must be present in the diet;
- avoid strong tension during bowel movements;
- exclude very spicy and spicy foods, as well as frequent alcohol consumption;
- drink at least 2 liters of drinking filtered water daily;
- if the work involves sitting for a long time in one place, you need to take breaks every 15-20 minutes, get up and move, walk up the stairs;
- car drivers try to do warm-ups at least every three hours;
- at work and at home, give preference to hard chairs and chairs on which you have to sit most often;
- do not overexert in lifting weights;
- pregnant women must take a daily walk in the fresh air and do simple exercises.
It is very important to do disease prevention in order to avoid unpleasant consequences. Seek specialist advice on time. At the initial stages of the development of hemorrhoids, it is much easier to cure it without harm to health. This will eliminate complications and negative consequences.
You should not try to independently diagnose and, moreover, self-medicate. It is not always possible to correctly determine your diagnosis, to treat one, when in fact the cause of the disease will be completely different.
The author of the article: Volkov Dmitry Sergeevich | c. m. n. surgeon, phlebologist
Education: Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry (1996). In 2003 he received a diploma from the Educational and Scientific Medical Center of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation.