Description, useful properties, application and recipes of means from calamus marsh
Botanical description of calamus marsh
Marsh calamus is a tall perennial herb that belongs to the arum family. This plant has a brown color, its rhizome is thick and creeping, the leaves are sharp, they reach 1 meter in length and are similar in shape to a sword, they cover each other with their bases. The stem, which has flowers, starts at the top of the root. This green root has a rib on one side and a groove on the other. Above the cob is the upper part of the cob, also called the blanket, because it looks like a leaf. This ear is in the shape of a cylinder, it deviates from the stem. The ear has many flowers, which are located on a fleshy axis.
Marsh calamus grows on highly moist soil, it is strengthened in the soil by its strong root, which has many branches. Root length reaches 150 cm. Marsh calamus grows near water, on the shores of lakes and rivers, in swamps, it forms large thickets, which are clean, and sometimes with mixtures of sedges and horsetails. It grows in the middle and southern zone of the European part of Russia, it can be found in Eastern Siberia and the Caucasus. It grows well in steppe and forest-steppe zones, along the banks of water bodies, on marshy soils, flooded fields and in gullies.
Collecting and harvesting calamus marsh
Today, not everyone can find and collect calamus, but many still find it and make blanks from it. To make it easier for people, special farms have been created that grow calamus. From the beginning of autumn to the beginning of winter, calamus is prepared: it is pulled out of the silt with a rake or pitchfork. Then, the already collected roots need to be washed from dirt, cut off the remaining leaves. After that, the roots should be wilted, leaving the plant in the open air. Next, you need to cut the roots into pieces, the length of which is 10–20 cm. And if the root is very thick, then it must be split lengthwise.
Raw materials are dried under an iron roof at a temperature of + 30–35 ° C, the temperature cannot be increased, since the essential oil quickly evaporates. Rhizomes are considered to be well dried when they break easily. The essential oil in the rhizome of calamus is about 5%, it also contains tannins, ascorbic acid, resins, copper, starch.
Dried calamus blanks are spongy root pieces that are very light. Untreated roots have a flattened shape, slightly curved, the outer color is yellowish-brown, having a reddish or grayish-green tint. Most of the dried roots are split. Peeled and split roots of the plant at the break and on the outside should be white or pinkish. Dried raw materials smell peculiar and have a spicy bitter taste.
Useful properties of calamus
For a long time, people have known that marsh calamus has many medicinal properties. This plant is very often used in folk medicine. From the roots of calamus marsh, a vodka tincture is made, which is used for medicinal purposes. A decoction of calamus marsh helps with liver diseases, diseases of the bladder, nervous system, and tuberculosis. And also a tincture of calamus is used for rheumatism. If a person has heartburn, then calamus root will help him, which you just need to chew.
A decoction from the roots of calamus marsh is used by people who want to strengthen the hair on the head, as well as those suffering from lichen. Women's diseases can also be cured with the help of marsh calamus - you need to make douching with its broth.
Putrid wounds are sprinkled with marsh calamus powder. People who complain of stomach pain can take a decoction of calamus inside.
The roots of the plant have an effect that increases appetite, improves digestion, and also enhances the reflex separation of juice in the stomach.
Today calamus marsh is used in medicine as a remedy for peptic ulcer disease. And in veterinary medicine, the roots of calamus are used as a gastric remedy.
Calamus chemical composition
Calamus root contains: essential oil, tannins, acorin glycoside and calamine alkaloid. Calamus leaves also contain tannins and essential oil. The essential oil consists of a mixture of terpenes, sesquiterpenes, and the carriers of the smell are azarylaldehydes.
Also, in the roots of calamus there is a little unscented soap, and in the root of calamus marsh contains vitamins, starch, protein, minerals - all of them are accompanying substances.
The use of calamus in alternative medicine is quite diverse. Fresh roots are used to disinfect water. Decoctions are prescribed for diseases of the teeth and gums. Calamus marsh is effective in diseases of the biliary tract and liver, kidney stones. For leukemia, a medicinal herbal collection is used, which includes calamus root, nettle and elecampane. Calamus is useful for improving digestion and raising appetite.
Calamus rhizomes are sometimes used for diseases of the central nervous system. Powdered, they help relieve heartburn, diarrhea, and bad breath. Calamus preparations lower blood pressure and increase the secretion of sputum. It is useful to take them for gastritis with low gastric acidity. The plant is also used for rapid wound healing. In gynecology, a decoction of calamus is used for diseases of the coccal and Trichomonas etiology, secondary amenorrhea, and ovarian failure.
Video: medicinal properties and contraindications of calamus, and how to use it?
Many people know about the bactericidal properties of calamus root. In traditional medicine, alcoholic tinctures from it are recommended to improve appetite, with gastrointestinal diseases, as well as a good expectorant and tonic. With children's rickets and diathesis, baths are made, the main component of which is calamus.
Calamus root is used much more widely in folk medicine. Various decoctions and alcoholic tinctures are prepared from it. It is part of a variety of medicinal teas and teas. Calamus root powder is used as a dusting powder for purulent ulcers and wounds. It's also a good snuff for colds or sinus headaches. It clears the airways, encouraging sneezing.
Calamus is an effective remedy for neutralizing the destructive effect of drugs, in particular marijuana. If you smoke a pinch of fine root shavings with marijuana, then the calamus completely suppresses the toxic effect of the drug. In fact, calamus root can neutralize the side effects of all hallucinogens.
If you take a pinch of the powder with half a teaspoon of honey in the morning and evening, it improves memory and cures heartburn. Decoctions and infusions of calamus root in the form of sitz baths help with gynecology. In addition, calamus has an analgesic and tonic effect, increases the secretion of stomach contents. It is taken to improve vision, in the treatment of hepatitis and cholecystitis.
For some reason calamus is not very popular in home floriculture, and yet it is very hardy and unpretentious. The plant is especially suitable for those who have little time to care for flowers. You just need to make sure that the soil of the plant is always moist, since this flower grows mainly in swamps. The pot with the plant can be placed on a tray of water and added as needed.
Calamus is unpretentious in terms of temperature, it feels good at 6-16 degrees, grows well in the shade and cannot stand direct sunlight. Loves rooms with humid air. Fertilizing the soil is not required. Calamus reproduces by dividing the bush throughout the year. The flower can be used for medicinal purposes with blood pressure, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and hair loss.
A perennial herb of the calamus family. It has a long, thick rhizome with multiple accessory roots. It is covered with the remains of leaf sheaths. The color of the rhizome is greenish-brown, inside it is white, with a burning smell and bitter taste. The stem is straight, not branching, up to 120 cm high, with a sharp edge. Leaves are long, up to 1 m, 3 cm wide, cone-shaped, flat.
Inflorescences are located obliquely on the stem in the form of cylindrical cobs 3-14 cm in length. Fruits are polyspermous oblong red berries. Calamus blooms from late spring to July. Reproduces vegetatively. In Ukraine, it grows everywhere in swamps, muddy shores of reservoirs, forming large thickets.
The rhizome and calamus root have medicinal properties. The rhizome is harvested in autumn or early spring. Calamus has been used in alternative medicine for a long time. Prescribe drugs from calamus for liver disease, malaria, rickets, kidney and bladder diseases. They have a tonic effect on the depressed state of the nervous system, improve hearing and vision. They act as a bactericidal agent during epidemics of influenza and cholera.
Due to its expectorant properties, calamus cures bronchitis. This plant is also used for chronic diseases of the spinal cord.
For the treatment of frequent sore throats, you just need to chew a small piece of calamus root 5-6 times every day. And he must be in the mouth for 10-15 minutes. It takes 6 months to be treated - and after the full course you will forget about angina forever.
If you have chronic tonsillitis, then a pair of calamus roots will help. You need to take 2 tbsp. l. calamus roots and pour 200 ml of boiling water over them, close everything with a lid and leave in a water bath for 30 minutes. After this time, strain the steam. This steam needs to gargle: the more times, the better.
With anorexia (loss of appetite), spastic pain in the intestines and stomach, take an infusion of calamus rhizomes. To prepare it, you need to take 2 teaspoons of marsh calamus roots and pour them with one glass of boiled hot water, leave it all in a thermos for infusion. This infusion should be drunk warm, 50 ml 3-4 times daily. It is necessary to take the infusion half an hour before meals.
An infusion of calamus roots on vodka will help from impotence. Take 1 liter of vodka, pour 100 grams of calamus root into it and leave for 14 days to infuse. The room where this infusion will be located should be dark, and the air temperature should be room temperature. You need to take the ready-made infusion daily, 30 ml three times a day.
For the treatment of gonorrhea, in addition to the main treatment, they also take a hot bath from a decoction of calamus roots. The infusion should be done on the basis of 1 liter of 30 grams of calamus roots. This content must be infused for an hour. This bath must be taken every day.
To improve digestion, it is useful to drink a decoction of calamus roots. You should take 15 grams of roots and pour them with 500-700 ml of water, all this needs to be cooked for 15 minutes with the lid on. You need to drink 3 cups of this broth daily.
Powder from calamus root will help relieve heartburn. Three times a day you need to drink one teaspoon of powder from the roots of calamus marsh - and heartburn will no longer torment!
A tincture of calamus herb is useful for epilepsy, hysteria, memory loss. It improves vision and digestion. The tincture is used to treat gastric ulcer, chronic gastritis with low acidity and diarrhea.
Recipe 1: 20 g of calamus must be mixed with 100 ml of vodka, leave for 2 weeks in a dark place, strain and store in a glass container. The tincture should be taken 15-30 drops before meals three times a day.
Recipe 2 for toothache and vomiting. Finely chopped dry rhizome leaves need to be poured with 70% alcohol, insisted for a week in a dark place and take 20 drops three times a day before meals.
Calamus with menopause
Herbal treatment is very popular in the transitional, climacteric period. Calamus is used to normalize hormonal levels. The root ground through a coffee grinder should be taken 1 teaspoon with a meal.
Decoction of roots. The crushed calamus rhizome should be poured with cold water, insisted for about 7-8 hours, then boiled in a water bath for 25-30 minutes, cooled and filtered. It is recommended to take the product 1 glass twice a day half an hour before meals.
Calamus for angina
Infusions and decoctions of calamus are prescribed in the form of rinses for angina. They have an expectorant, anti-inflammatory and disinfectant effect. If you chew the calamus root 5-6 times a day in a small piece, holding it in your mouth for 15-20 minutes, then in six months you can get rid of any sore throat. You can prepare various mixtures from angina with the addition of calamus rhizome and oak bark. It is also useful to chew the root for the prevention of angina.
Calamus for teeth
Calamus is an excellent remedy for toothache. A decoction is made from the calamus root, which they drink or rinse their mouth with. If a tooth hurts, you need to lubricate the gums with calamus tincture - and the pain will quickly pass. Calamus penetrates deep into the diseased tooth and has an analgesic effect on the root.
Recipe. 20 g of dry calamus root must be finely chopped, pour in 100 ml of vodka, let it brew for two weeks in a dark place, shaking occasionally, then strain and keep in a dark cool place, in a dense container that does not let the sun go through. In case of toothache, rinse your mouth with tincture for 5-10 minutes, then spit it out. If the pain persists, it is recommended to repeat the procedure.
Calamus rhizome is chewed to strengthen the gums.
Oil is obtained from calamus rhizome by steam distillation. It is a viscous dark yellow or brown liquid with an original woody smell and a spicy taste. The chemical composition of the oil varies. This is explained by the fact that the plants are collected in different geoclimatic conditions. The main active ingredients of the oil: limonene, linalool, cismethylisoeugenol, asarone. Calamus oil is used to flavor hard alcoholic beverages.
Due to the spicy aroma of calamus, an oriental perfume is created. It effectively fights various infections, including staphylococci. The oil is often used to treat respiratory problems, especially coughs. It is recommended to take it for the treatment of duodenal ulcers and gastritis with low acidity. Also, oil is an excellent natural product that improves the metabolic process.
Calamus oil increases appetite, stimulates the secretion of gastric juice. This is an effective remedy for the prevention of urolithiasis and gallstone diseases. The systematic use of oil has a beneficial effect on the condition of the musculoskeletal system, it contributes to less muscle fatigue and strengthens bone tissue. For several centuries, calamus oil has been used as a natural aphrodisiac that increases sexual desire and sexual activity.
Recipe 1. Stir one teaspoon of calamus rhizomes in 250 ml of hot boiled water, leave for 20 minutes, then strain and take half a glass a day half an hour before meals. The tool is effective for infectious mononucleosis.
Recipe 2. Dry rhizome of calamus should be crushed, poured into a glass of cold water, insist 20 minutes. It is recommended to take the infusion one tablespoon three times a day before meals.
Recipe 3. For stomach cramps, make an infusion of calamus with the addition of flowers and rowan berries. Calamus and mountain ash are poured with a glass of warm boiled water, insisted for an hour, after which the infusion should be brought to a boil and cooled. After straining through several layers of gauze, drink half a glass warm 2-3 times a day before meals.
A decoction of calamus root
A decoction of calamus root normalizes sleep, improves the functioning of brain cells. The broth is used to strengthen and grow hair.
Recipe 1. You need to boil for 20-30 minutes in 250 ml of water two tablespoons of dry crushed root, leave to cool completely, then strain and add boiled water to the original volume. The broth is used in the form of lotions and washings to treat wounds and ulcers.
Recipe 2. 6 g of raw materials should be boiled in 200 ml of water for 30 minutes in a closed container, strain and add boiled water to the initial volume. Take 3 times a day after meals for 2 tbsp. spoons of broth. The remedy has a positive effect on pneumonia.
Recipe 3. Three teaspoons of finely chopped rhizomes are poured into 400 ml of water, boiled in a sealed container for 15 minutes. and take half a glass before meals.
Contraindications to the use of calamus
Calamus cannot be used for any bleeding, it is strongly not recommended for hypotonic patients. You can not take it with increased acidity of gastric juice. If, nevertheless, it is necessary to use a preparation from calamus, it is imperative to include in its composition plants that reduce the production of hydrochloric acid. Calamus is not recommended for the acute phase of stomach ulcers. It is also contraindicated for pregnant women.
It should be remembered that the use of natural medicines should be moderate. If the dose of calamus is increased, it will lead to vomiting.
The author of the article: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna | Phytotherapist
Education: Diploma in "General Medicine" and "Therapy" received at the Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Peoples' Friendship University of Moscow (2008).
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