Growing, caring for and using the beneficial properties of lungwort
Botanical characteristics of lungwort
Lungwort is a perennial plant belonging to the borage family. The erect and branched stem has short hairs. The lungwort does not grow above 30 cm. The rhizome of the plant is very developed and thick. The leaves at the top of the stem are sessile, while the lower leaves are on short petioles and have whitish spots. All leaves of the plant are rough and have fluff. The flowers of the plant are bells, which are located at the ends of the branches. The flowering period is a wonderful sight, because in addition to beautiful crimson flowers, you can also see purple or blue bells. The fruit of the plant is 4 nuts, which are pointed at the ends.
The flowering of lungwort begins in April and continues until the end of May. The fruits ripen in mid-summer. This plant grows in mixed forests, at the edges of forests, between shrubs and in clearings of deciduous forests.
Shaded and cool places are more suitable for this plant. The lungwort does not like heat, but it is relative to moisture. The best soil for this plant is sandy loam or loamy, and lungwort grows well and develops on slightly acidic or alkaline soil. The soil should be loose and contain humus.
Lungwort is easy to propagate vegetatively. However, it will not withstand the frequent division of the bushes. For vegetative propagation, the time is right immediately after the flowering of the plant, and at any stage of its growth. The plots of the bush together with the renewal bud must be planted in the ground. During planting, the roots of the plant must be pruned. The soil around the seedlings should be mulched.
Mulching is a way to keep moisture in the soil from rapid evaporation during hot weather, by covering the beds with a special film, rotted sawdust or even ordinary cardboard
The lungwort reproduces well by seed. After the seeds ripen, they are sown in prepared soil. This method of reproduction assumes a very long development time, since the plant will bloom only after 2-3 years.
Care of lungwort
Lungwort is an unpretentious plant because it can grow on almost any soil (although not on all), but it grows and develops best in soil containing humus. In dry times, the lungwort must be watered abundantly, but you need to be careful, since it begins to rot from stagnant moisture. When the last of the flowers withers, it is necessary to prune the entire plant, without even leaving the hemp. During the flowering period of the lungwort, you need to cut off all the old leaves.
Every season, lungwort needs humus feeding. It is recommended to apply mineral fertilizers to the soil throughout the season. With a strong growth of the shoots of the plant, they should simply be chopped off with a shovel.
Before the beginning of winter, the lungwort needs to be mulched, it does not depend on the type and variety of the plant.
Useful properties of lungwort
The lungwort contains tannins, mucus, tannins and saponins, ascorbic acid, iron, alkaloids and many other elements useful to the human body.
Due to the content of tannins and saponins in lungwort, it is used as an expectorant and emollient for any respiratory tract infection. The lungwort is often used to treat lung conditions.
The lungwort has a diuretic and wound healing effect. In addition, this plant has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. The lungwort improves the function of the body's immune system. The plant has in its composition such substances, thanks to which it has an enveloping and hemostatic effect.
The use of lungwort
Traditional medicine uses lungwort in the form of infusions, decoctions and lotions for the treatment of various lung diseases, tuberculosis, uterine bleeding. If there is little potassium in the body, then taking a drug based on lungwort can normalize the potassium content in the body. The lungwort is successfully used to treat bladder diseases, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys. Nervous diseases, heart disease and headaches are also cured with this plant. Healing baths from lungwort help with scrofula. A decoction of lungwort is used for hemorrhoids, inflammation of female organs, vasculitis, vitiligo, skin viruses and many other diseases.
A pair of lungwort. Take 2 tablespoons of crushed plant leaves and pour a glass of boiling water over them. Before use, this vapor is mixed with honey or sugar. It is recommended to use steam for people with diseases of the lungs, intestines, and skin inflammation. In addition, the same pair can be used externally in the form of rectal and vaginal douching.
Lungwort juice. It is necessary to take the leaves or grass of lungwort and squeeze the juice out of them. Next, take 2 tablespoons of the finished juice and mix with the same amount of vodka. We leave it to stand for a few hours and take it with leukemia, anemia, lung diseases and many inflammatory processes.
Tea from lungwort for diarrhea. To prepare this tea, you need to take 2 teaspoons of lungwort (herbs) and pour 100 ml of boiling water over them, then leave everything to brew for 10 minutes. After straining, you can take 1 cup of tea three times a day.
Collection with lungwort for bladder disease. To prepare such a drug, you need to take lungwort, plantain leaves, sage, bitter wormwood and centaury 1 tablespoon each. Next, take 1 tablespoon of the ready-made collection and pour a glass of boiling water, add 20 grams of honey there. We put everything on fire for 5 minutes. Having filtered the finished broth, it can be taken three times a day, 1 tablespoon before meals. The same collection helps with kidney disease.
Contraindications to the use of lungwort
There are no contraindications to this plant, but preparations from this plant should be used with caution, as nausea may appear. Also, individual intolerance is the last contraindication to the use of lungwort.
The author of the article: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna | Phytotherapist
Education: Diploma in "General Medicine" and "Therapy" received at the Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Peoples' Friendship University of Moscow (2008).
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