This short evergreen tree belongs to the rue family and, of course, to the citrus genus. Lemon leaves are short, are on short stalks. The root system of a lemon differs from other citrus fruits: it consists of a "web" of root suckers, thanks to which this plant receives all the nutrients and water from the earth. The white lemon flowers are very large and have a very pleasant aroma. They are themselves pollinated. There are barren flowers (they do not have a pistil) - a kind of plant defects. Lemon fruit is oval, seed, light yellow in color, has a pointed top. The pulp of the fruit is very juicy and sour in taste. The seeds inside the fruit are pointed on one side. Lemon bloom begins in May, during this period it is abundant. But in summer and autumn, lemon blooms weakly. There are lemon varieties that bloom all year round.
Lemon is native to Southeast Asia. The fruit with amazing properties is known all over the world. Its beneficial qualities have been used by people for centuries. Today this fragrant fruit is a component of cosmetics and perfumery products. Tea with lemon helps to get rid of nausea, cleanses, tones up the gastrointestinal tract. It strengthens the stomach and expels worms. Lemon is rich in solar energy, its smell and taste are healing factors that people receive as a gift from nature. Lemon is indicated for atherosclerosis, rheumatism, and colds. The fruit is incredibly useful in violation of the cardiovascular system. Its actions are anti-inflammatory, carminative, hypotensive.
The peel and leaves of this evergreen are a source of essential oil, which contains citral, alpha-limonene and terpene. Lemon oil scent relieves mental and physical stress and fatigue. Adding chunks of pulp or juice to water every day strengthens the immune system and helps protect against seasonal colds. Lemon exhibits bactericidal properties, promotes the activation of leukocytes in the body's defense system. Rutin and bioflavin contained in lemon heal blood vessels, making them elastic, eliminating fragility and excessive penetration.
Composition and calorie content
- Fats: 0.3 g
- Proteins: 1.1 g
- Carbohydrates: 9,3 g
- Water: 89 g
- Ash: 0.3 g
Lemon is rich in vitamin C - 53 mg in the pulp (59% of the RDI), and 129.0 mg in the peel and zest (143% of the RDI). And also boron - 175.0 μg (250% of the RDI)
Full chemical composition of lemon ➤
Lemon essential oil
Lemon essential oil is obtained by cold pressing the outer part of the plant's pericarp. Since green fruits give little oil, only ripe lemons should be used for these purposes. Only 1 kg of essential oil is obtained from 60–70 kg of lemon fruit. This oil is light yellow in color, sometimes with a greenish tint, and it is not surprising that it smells like lemon. Lemon oil is used to improve the smell and taste of medicines.
Lemon essential oil has bactericidal, anti-febrile, tonic and astringent properties. Lemon oil improves the human immune system, is a disinfectant, therefore it is used for colds, flu, fever and various oral infections. Lemon oil helps with freckles, improves the condition of nails, gets rid of dandruff on the scalp and makes hair shiny.
Useful properties of lemon
Lemon contains many substances useful to humans, therefore, it is used for many diseases. One of the uses of lemon is for its vitamin properties, which help with scurvy. Lemon is an excellent preventive measure. It is used for vitamin deficiencies, atherosclerosis. Lemon contains a lot of citric acid, water and a whole range of beneficial vitamins. Lemon has hemostatic properties, so it is used for bleeding from the nose, stomach and even bleeding from the gums. Lemon is used as an antipyretic and tonic for tuberculosis, pneumonia, Botkin's disease and other infectious diseases.
The juice or pulp of this fruit has a wonderful thirst-quenching effect. Lemon juice helps with inflammation in the mouth and throat, for example, sore throat. In addition, the juice will be a good helper for frostbite.
Lemon is a natural source of vitamins such as C, P, B1 and B2, D. Lemon is an antioxidant of natural origin, it stimulates the entire body, and thanks to essential oils protects it from stress.
Lemon infusion has general tonic properties. Lemon stimulates the heart, heals the central nervous system, helps with hypotension and neurasthenia. Lemon syrup has an antihelminthic effect. Outwardly, a solution of juice with water is used when rinsing the oral cavity in inflammatory processes. Also lemon juice is used for eczema and fungal diseases in the form of lotions.
Lemon juice can heal cracks in the skin, reduce brittle nails. Lemon zest with honey helps to improve digestion. Lemon is recommended for pregnant women and people diagnosed with jaundice.
Lemon is used in folk medicine as an additional remedy for liver diseases, edema, rheumatism, gout and gastritis with low acidity.
Medicine for worms. You need to take a lemon, peel it and chop it. Add seeds and lemon pulp to this mass. Pour everything with 1 cup boiling water. Add a teaspoon of honey there and leave to infuse for 2 hours. After you strain the finished medicine, it can be used as an anthelmintic before bedtime.
Lemon for rheumatism. This medicine is not difficult to prepare. For him, take 4 lemons and 3 heads of garlic, pour everything with 1 liter of boiling water and insist for 24 hours. Having filtered the finished medicine, you need to take it 50 grams before meals three times a day.
Lemon face mask for dry skin. You need to take 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and mix it with 1 teaspoon of honey. Add 1 tablespoon of ready-made and still warm oatmeal to this mass. The resulting mask is applied to the face, held for 10 minutes and then washed off with warm water.
Lemon oil for colds or flu. To prepare it, you need to take one lemon with zest and scald it with boiling water. Next, we pass the lemon through a meat grinder and add 100 grams of softened butter with 1 tablespoon of honey to it. We mix everything well and use it instead of butter for sandwiches. In winter, you need to eat such butter at least 6 times a day, after spreading it on a piece of black bread.
Lemon for angina. Take a quarter of a lemon and squeeze the juice out of it. Combine it with 150 ml of water and gargle with this solution every hour for two days. This solution kills germs and removes inflammation.
Juice for bronchitis. It is necessary to mix the juice squeezed from three lemons with 50 grams of grated horseradish. Ready juice is taken 1 teaspoon several times a day. The medicine should not be washed down or seized.
Medicine for angina pectoris. Take 1 lemon and squeeze juice from it, add juice from two aloe leaves and half a kilo of honey to it. Everything should be transferred to a dish and refrigerated for a week. You need to take the medicine 1 hour before meals, 1 tablespoon three times a day.
Infusion for hypertension. It is prepared like this: you need to take 3 lemons and 5 heads of garlic and put everything in a three-liter bottle, and then pour water to the top. As soon as the mixture floats to the surface of the water, you need to wait two days, and when the mixture settles to the bottom, the infusion is ready. Take an infusion of 100 ml in the morning.
The benefits of water with lemon have long been proven in practice; with regular use, it relieves headaches, lowers blood pressure, and makes effective treatment of kidney diseases.
Water with lemon helps to eliminate toxins from the body, which has a beneficial effect on the general condition and appearance.
Water with lemon on an empty stomach is especially useful: it activates the digestive tract.
Water with honey and lemon is considered a fortified drink that saturates the body with vitamin C and trace elements. 100 g of lemon contains 40 mg of vitamin C, a cup of water with lemon juice relieves sore throat.
Gargling with a mixture of the juice of half a lemon, a teaspoon of coarse salt and a glass of water will help you recover from a sore throat. Greenish-yellow fruits contain organic acids, sugars, nitrogenous substances, potassium salts, copper, vitamins A, B1, B2, C, phytoncides. The presence of vitamin P contributes to the prevention and treatment of cerebral edema, capillary fragility, pain in the legs. The use of lemon as a food product will help to normalize the functioning of the nervous system, relieve fatigue and general weakness.
With varicose veins, hemorrhoids, trophic ulcers, lemon is also shown. It is also an effective tool in the fight against various viruses. A wonderful product is capable of destroying up to 20 varieties of microbes, its substances are effective in dysentery, paratyphoid fever, cholera, meningococcus, scurvy, jaundice, dropsy. Lemon is prescribed for kidney stones, pulmonary tuberculosis, stomach catarrh, gout, lumbago. Nature gave us a wonderful solvent, helping to remove all excess from the body. Also, lemon helps to restore organ tissue.
This fruit is suitable for people of any age and is an excellent remedy against putrefactive processes.
Obese people can use lemon without a doubt. An infusion of two teaspoons of dry chamomile and a few slices of lemon prepared in the evening should be drunk in the morning on an empty stomach. You can just make it a rule to drink a glass of drink, which includes a lemon, every day after waking up.
Water with lemon for weight loss is the most wonderful way. Obese, uncomfortable people with shortness of breath and decrepit body can help themselves by consuming a mixture of garlic and lemon juice according to the scheme.
Lemon and garlic recipe: chopped garlic (400 g) and juice from 24 lemons must be mixed in a wide-mouth jar, tied with gauze and infused for 24 days. The product should be taken only before bedtime - 1 teaspoon of the mixture with a glass of water.
Healing lemon goes well with ginger. The beneficial substances of the medicinal root and citrus provide a speedy recovery from many ailments.
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Tea with ginger and lemon
Tea with ginger and lemon is prepared very simply: the ingredients, cut into pieces, are poured with boiling water and simmered over low heat for 5 minutes. You need to drink such a broth in small sips. It is useful at the first sign of a cold.
Read more: Ginger with lemon and honey - a recipe for health
Garlic + honey + lemon
Garlic, honey and lemon are perfectly combined ingredients of a miraculous potion, a real elixir of youth. This remedy is best prepared in the fall, when there is a high concentration of nutrients in garlic.
Elixir recipe: 6 large lemons must be chopped, combined with 4 heads of garlic and 350-400 g of honey, fill a dark glass bottle with the mixture, tie with gauze and leave in a dark place for 10 days, then strain and take in the morning for 15 minutes. before meals, 1 tablespoon diluted in a glass of water, and in the evening after dinner.
Another sedative will come in handy in your home medicine cabinet.
Lemon Peel Tincture: Chopped lemon peel should be poured with vodka in a ratio of 1:10 and taken in a few drops.
Compresses with lemon juice or pieces of juicy pulp applied to the forehead and temples help with headaches.
Read more: Honey, lemon and garlic - a recipe for cleaning blood vessels
Contraindications to the use of lemon
Undoubtedly, lemon has many useful properties and substances, but there are also contraindications to it. For example, lemon should be used in moderation, as if consumed in excessive amounts, it will destroy the tooth enamel. Many people, after long-term consumption of lemon, complain of aggravated sensitivity to hot and cold water.
People with high acidity of gastric juice, inflammation of the stomach (gastritis), gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer need to be careful with the use of lemon. It can increase acidity, cause heartburn, pain, cramps, and even vomiting.
Also, some people may become allergic to lemon, it is for this reason that young children should be given it in small portions, monitoring the child's condition.
The author of the article: Kuzmina Vera Valerievna | Endocrinologist, nutritionist
Education: Diploma of the Russian State Medical University named after NI Pirogov with a degree in General Medicine (2004). Residency at Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, diploma in Endocrinology (2006).