Strawberries - Useful Properties And Recipes

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Video: Strawberries - Useful Properties And Recipes

Video: Strawberries - Useful Properties And Recipes
Video: 5 Things to do With… Strawberries | Food Tube Classic Recipes 2023, March
Strawberries - Useful Properties And Recipes
Strawberries - Useful Properties And Recipes

Strawberries: useful properties and recipes


Strawberry is a perennial plant belonging to the Rosaceae family. The rhizome of the plant is horizontal and short, with thin numerous roots. Leaves with long petioles begin at the top of the strawberry rhizome. From the axils of the leaves of the plant, aerial shoots appear, which are of two types: vegetative and generative.

Strawberry "whiskers" are called vegetative shoots. They are long, creeping and self-rooting. In the nodes of the already rooted leaves are formed, from the axils of which both types of shoots appear. This is how the vegetative propagation of the plant - wild strawberry - occurs. Generative shoots end with an inflorescence of several flowers. The height of each such shoot is about 25 cm.

The dark green leaves are oval-diamond-shaped and have a complex structure. Strawberry flowers are located on long pedicels. The strawberry fruit is a bright red berry with a pleasant aroma. In May, the plant begins to bloom, which lasts a whole month. However, there are plants that bloom a little later. Fruit ripening occurs in June-July.

Strawberries can be seen in the European regions of Russia, Eurasia and Western Siberia. This berry prefers to grow on forest edges, glades, meadows, between bushes and on road slopes. And its abundant growth was noticed in the places of forest fires and in deforestation. Thanks to their "mustache" strawberries quickly and easily cover new areas.

Composition and calorie content

  • Fats: 0.4 g
  • Proteins: 0.8 g
  • Carbohydrates: 9.7 g
  • Water: 88,7 g
  • Ash: 0.4 g
  • Cellulose: 2.2 g

Vitamins (per 100 g):



Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

60 mg


Vitamin B7 (biotin)

1.1-4 μg


Minerals (in 100 g):




99 mg



185 mcg



4 μg



9 μg



18.4 μg



10 mcg



1.7 mcg



130 mcg



200 mcg


Other important connections:

  • Phytosterols - 12 mg (22% of the RDI)

  • Purines - 11 mg (8.3% of the RDI)

  • Oxalic acid - 15.8 mg (4% of the RDI)

Complete chemical composition ➤

Useful properties of strawberries

Strawberries are the number one berry in terms of iron, vitamin E, folate and calcium. The leaves and roots of strawberries are rich in tannins, alkaloids and essential oils. Strawberry tea helps with inflammation of the mucous membrane. In addition, strawberry leaves and rhizomes have a diuretic effect, heal wounds, heal ulcers and contract the spleen. Loose teeth and weak gums can be strengthened by rinsing with strawberry decoction.

Strawberries are also beneficial for the human body. The fruits of the plant contain trace elements, sugars, pectins, acids, fiber, vitamins and essential oils. They not only improve appetite, but also help normalize digestion.

Growing and caring for strawberries

wild strawberry
wild strawberry

This berry prefers light and sunny areas with loose soil. For growing wild strawberries, flat surfaces are better suited. Before planting strawberries, it is necessary to prepare the soil, namely to dig, fertilize and remove weeds. Recently used soil is a very good option for planting strawberries. For example, after the harvested radish, you can plant strawberries in its place with peace of mind, only after adding compost. And a year after planting, it will be very good to add ash to the soil.

Strawberry seedlings are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other. And many gardeners like a different way of planting strawberries. This method involves planting a plant with bushes and does nothing with them throughout the year. During the ripening period, weak and lifeless rosettes are removed with pruners or scissors.

Leaving. During the summer, the plant develops a "mustache". In order for the nutrients not to be spent on the growth of these "mustaches", they must be removed, and then all the substances will go to the ripening of the plant's berries. Strawberries need timely weeding. She especially needs weeding after rain. Mulching with straw will also not be superfluous for the plant, on the contrary, strawberries will not become polluted from it, retain moisture and protect against diseases. Strawberries need to be watered regularly, and preferably warm water. The plant can not be transplanted to another place for 5, or even 6 years.

The use of wild strawberries

For medicinal purposes, berries, roots and leaves of strawberries are used. Fresh strawberries help with atherosclerosis, neurasthenia, stomach ulcers and insomnia. And also fresh berries are used for urolithiasis, gout, liver and spleen diseases. Decoctions and infusions from strawberry leaves are used by folk healers for rickets, gout, colitis, jaundice, diabetes and bronchitis. Rashes, shingles and acne can be removed with a compress on a decoction of strawberry leaves.

An infusion of herbs and plant leaves is an excellent remedy for preventing and treating colds. Strawberry leaf infusion is very useful in the initial stages of hypertension, as it dilates the blood vessels and slows down the heart rate.

Strawberries help to restore strength, cure diarrhea in children and help with anemia. The fruits of this plant have a vitamin and anti-allergenic effect, have choleretic and diuretic properties. In addition, these berries can normalize metabolism. Due to the properties of strawberries, toxins and cholesterol are removed from the body. Strawberries contain vitamins with various anthocyanin compounds, thanks to which the plant protects against radiation.

Infusion from the collection of herbs for urolithiasis. To prepare it, take 40 grams of strawberries, 30 grams of nettle leaves, 30 grams of horsetail herb, 40 grams of rose hips and 30 grams of birch buds. Now take 2 tablespoons of the ready-made collection and pour 200 ml of boiling water over them. We put the composition in a water bath for half an hour. After the water bath, pour the finished infusion into a thermos and leave for an hour. Such a medicine is taken 200 ml three times a day one hour before meals.

Strawberry decoction for mouthwash for toothache. To prepare it, take 2 tablespoons of strawberry leaves and 1 teaspoon of mint, mix them and pour a glass of boiling water over them. Leave the product for 5 minutes to infuse, then do not forget to strain. Rinse your mouth with a ready-made broth for toothache several times a day. The decoction for rinsing should be used warm.

Strawberry decoction for hemorrhoids. To prepare it, you need to take 1 teaspoon of plant leaves (pre-crushed) and pour 100 ml of boiling water over it. Leave everything for 20 minutes and strain. This broth is used for enemas and washing for hemorrhoids.

Dry or fresh steamed leaves of the plant are applied to purulent wounds or old ulcers. The leaves remove the pus from wounds and lead to faster healing of the damage.

Strawberry decoction is fortifying. Taking 200 grams of dry strawberries, they are poured with two liters of boiling water. Then everything is put on low heat for 10 minutes. After removing from heat, leave the broth to infuse for 2 hours. Strain the resulting product. Take it 100-200 ml three to five times a day.

Contraindications to the use of strawberries

Some people may develop allergy symptoms from eating strawberries. An infusion of plant leaves is contraindicated for pregnant women, since it is a means that increases the tone of the uterus and enhances its contractions.

It is better to stay away from strawberries for people with appendicitis, duodenal ulcer and gastroduodenitis.


The author of the article: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna | Phytotherapist

Education: Diploma in "General Medicine" and "Therapy" received at the Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Peoples' Friendship University of Moscow (2008).

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