2023 Author: Josephine Shorter | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-07-30 22:23
Dry and moist (wet) cough in a child
- Dry cough in a child
- Moist cough in a child
- Wet cough treatment
- Coughing fits in a child
- Cough without fever
- Allergic cough in a child
- Night cough in a child
- Child cough compress
A cough in a child is a symptom that occurs not necessarily due to colds, but due to the fact that it is a natural reaction of the body that helps cleanse the respiratory system from dust or from chemical elements that get from the air and irritate the mucous membrane. All healthy children, as well as adults, sometimes cough. But if the cough is caused by a certain disease, then this is its first symptom.
Dry cough in a child
Dry cough is not accompanied by profuse sputum production. It can be very strong, hysterical, and painful. The cause of a dry cough in a child is a cold and infection of the respiratory organs. At the beginning of a cold, a sore throat and a dry cough appear in the child's throat. After a few days, the dryness of the cough decreases, it becomes wet due to the phlegm produced by the body.
But then the cough becomes dry again due to the fact that the secretion of mucus slows down. Among the causes of dry cough is the influenza virus, which starts with a dry, hoarse cough and turns into a wet cough. Tobacco smoke, too dry indoor air, strong smells of chemicals are irritants that cause a dry cough. If a child coughs in the absence of fever or other signs of a cold and the cough begins abruptly, accompanied by signs of suffocation, this may mean that a foreign body has entered the throat, for example, a small part from a toy.
It should be borne in mind that a dry cough in a child that occurs many times a day can be a symptom of laryngitis, an infectious disease, with a characteristic dry barking cough and hoarseness or whooping cough, with a spasmodic cough and a deep wheezing breath. Measles also begins with a dry cough.
The danger is a dry cough caused by "false croup" - a disease that provokes edema of the trachea and larynx. Allergic diseases, tracheitis and pharyngitis, pleurisy are serious respiratory diseases with manifestations of dry cough and a feeling of pain in the chest on inhalation.
Wet (wet) cough in a child
If a child coughs up phlegm, such a cough is called productive, in this case, the bronchi are cleared of mucus. This type of cough occurs in acute respiratory viral infections, common rhinitis and allergic phenomena, pneumonia and bronchitis. The phlegm has a viscous consistency, so it is very important that the mucus does not stay in the bronchi for a long time, as microbes multiply in it. Because of this, complications can occur.
Discharge with a wet cough may have a cloudy hue, which means that the inflammatory process has begun. Sputum with a rusty tint indicates allergies, and green sputum indicates sinusitis, tuberculosis, bronchiectasis.
Abundant sputum indicates bronchitis, tracheitis. A wet cough that appears as a result of therapeutic measures is replaced by a dry one - this is a harbinger of the child's recovery.
Wet cough treatment
Mucus in children is difficult to move away, because its viscosity is high, and the strength of the muscle function is not enough to push it out completely. Drug treatment includes mucolytic agents with expectorant and diluting effects. Synthetic expectorants are more productive and are excellent at reducing the viscosity of thick mucus.
Herbal preparations are a good counteraction to coughs, but when using them, one must be aware of their allergenic dangers. It is important to observe the hygiene of the room, bedding, dishes during the treatment of cough. It is advisable to ventilate the room where the sick child is all the time in his absence; for the time of the baby, you can transfer to another room.
It is not recommended to keep strong-smelling substances in the area where it is located. The conditions of high humidity should be maintained in the room, otherwise the air is too dry, it will contribute to the fact that the mucus will be thick and its expectoration will be difficult. You need to drink plenty of water, for example, tea, fruit drink, broth, mineral water. You can use warm milk, honey, radish juice.
Pay attention to inhalation for dry and wet coughing with a nebulizer! This technique is described in detail here
Since cough is determined by certain conditions, and the causes of its occurrence can be different, then existing drugs for influencing it must be carefully selected. Therefore, it is very important that parents create conditions for treatment, and doctors prescribe those medications that in a particular case can have therapeutic effects. Medical therapy must be safe and appropriate.
Cough and expectorants - Dr. Komarovsky:
Coughing fits in a child
Coughing fits in children that occur from time to time and last for several days or more than a week, accompanied by a headache or a sore throat should be a cause for concern. Coughing attacks are especially severe at night, they often provoke vomiting. The cough, as a reflex response caused by viruses, usually lasts 2 or 3 weeks. A paroxysmal cough is difficult to treat and can be a sign of one of the most dangerous childhood infections - whooping cough.
During such attacks, there is redness and cyanosis of the skin of the face, the release of a large amount of mucus. In addition to coughing, there is an increase in temperature, decreased appetite and weight, and feeling unwell. Coughing attacks are difficult enough for babies, this process often leads to respiratory arrest, and therefore feeding the baby is a special problem.
Coughing fits in an older child can provoke physical exertion, sneezing, chewing and swallowing, stress. A cough in the absence of a runny nose, fever, or other symptoms goes away on its own.
How to relieve a coughing attack in a child?
A violent cough occurs during sleep and is a lot of trouble. You can quickly relieve a coughing attack by following the recommendations of specialists. If this happens in a baby during sleep, then he needs to be woken up, raised and given warm milk with butter or alkaline mineral water to drink. A warm decoction of chamomile with honey will do.
A cough attack is relieved by inhalation with the use of essential oil.
In a situation where the cough does not subside, various pharmacy syrups, which contain essential oils, help well, but it is better not to self-medicate. You can rub your baby's back and chest with black radish juice or other warming agent.
Cough and cough medicine - Dr. Komarovsky:
How else you can cure a cough at home, see here
A cough in a child without fever
The child often has a physiological cough, and this is the norm. It is usually seen in infants. As a rule, this process allows the upper respiratory tract to clear of accumulated mucus.
Physiological cough without fever is the norm and not only for babies, children cough several times a day. Your baby may sometimes gag on saliva, especially during teething. A cough occurs when the upper respiratory tract, for example, a small part from a toy, food particles or dust gets into the upper respiratory tract. A very strong dry cough always comes on suddenly and suddenly.
You need to react quickly, call an ambulance and check what has got into the upper respiratory tract. For this, the child should be placed on his knee, with his head and body down, open his mouth and remove the foreign body. Then straighten the neck and make a few sharp rhythmic claps from top to bottom in the inter-scapular zone. Also, through coughing, the body reacts to dust, odors, etc.
Allergic cough in a child
Often, cough in children is the main symptom of the onset of allergies. It is quite difficult to distinguish it from a cold cough. But still, there are several differences, a cough of a cold nature is accompanied by a runny nose, sore throat, and a slight fever, caused by infections. Allergic cough is expressed by a slight nasal congestion, itching in the nose and throat and frequent sneezing, a slight inflammation of the mucous membrane and is a consequence of exposure to the upper respiratory tract of various allergenic components.
Symptoms of an allergic cough in a child appear only if he is in the presence of an irritating factor. An allergic cough is defined by a paroxysmal barking cough that starts unexpectedly. It is also possible to distinguish an allergic cough from a cold by a prolonged attack. The manifestations of cough can last up to 2-3 weeks, without fever, but over time, a runny nose already joins.
For a list of all possible childhood allergens, see this article.
This cough is accompanied by the release of clear sputum without impurities. Signs are different, it all depends on the type of allergen. This can be dust, flowering trees, grasses, pet hair, foreign protein that enters the child's body with the introduction of a vaccine, serum or plasma.
A cough resulting from the influence of allergies is a dangerous risk of developing bronchitis, often turning into asthmatic bronchitis and bronchial asthma.
Night cough in a child
An obsessive cough in a child appears precisely at night, since in a horizontal position the mucus in the nasopharynx does not dissolve, but accumulates, forms congestion, clogging the nasopharynx, and this causes a reflex cough. In the supine position in the lungs of a child, the same process is observed. Mucus practically does not dissolve and this causes a slowdown in the blood supply to the lungs.
Dry, cold air can provoke an attack of a nocturnal cough, irritating the mucous tissue. If during the day a child's cough is manifested by a slight coughing, then at night its intensity is much stronger. This fact can be explained by the fact that in the supine position it is difficult to cough up phlegm and the strength of the cough, therefore more. An exacerbation of cough at night may indicate symptoms of a viral infection, chronic sinusitis, rhinitis.
Chronic pharyngitis causes attacks of dry, debilitating cough, while the child suffers from a tickling and tingling sensation in the throat. A cough at night with a wheezing sound on exhalation means asthma. Chronic prolonged cough at night with a deep lead breath, redness of the face, tears, ending in vomiting is an indicator of past whooping cough.
Gastroesophageal reflux, with manifestations of heartburn, adenoiditis, a consequence of the ingress of mucus into the larynx - causes of nocturnal tearing cough. It is very important to find out the cause of the persistent night cough. If the cough is due to a viral infection, it is recommended to give the child more fluids to soften the dry cough and remove phlegm.
A dry cough at night occurs with acute bronchitis, or if the angle of inclination of the pillow on which the baby sleeps is not comfortable. Also, a cough at night occurs due to allergies provoked by ticks present in pillows filled with natural bird feathers.
Of course, coughing in children at night appears much more often due to colds, infectious diseases. But if a child's cough manifests itself only at night, then this is a signal of serious disturbances in the respiratory system.
Child cough compress
Compresses in medical practice are used in the complex treatment of colds accompanied by a cough. During the application of compresses, the therapeutic substance directly affects the deep tissues, which helps to dilute sputum, reduce bronchial spasm and, as a result, lead to cessation of coughing.
Compresses are warm, cold, fat-based. This is the most affordable home treatment method. You must be careful when carrying out such procedures, never use products and products without consulting a doctor. The main thing in the treatment of cough is not to harm, sometimes in a panic, parents self-medicate, but the child's body is very susceptible and vulnerable, so the measure is important in everything.
The author of the article: Sokolova Praskovya Fedorovna | Pediatrician
Education: Diploma in the specialty "General Medicine" received at the Volgograd State Medical University. A specialist certificate was immediately received in 2014.
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