Properties and application of loosestrife monetary, point
Botanical characteristics of moneta loosestrife
Monet loam is a perennial herb with creeping stems up to 80 cm long. The stems are tetrahedral, slightly branched, roots grow in the places of the nodes, growing into the soil. The leaves of the plant are opposite, rounded, solid along the edge with short petioles. Golden yellow, large, single axillary flowers are distinguished by a funnel-shaped calyx, separate to the very base. The flowering period of the plant is June-July.
Looseweed monetaceous reproduces vegetatively. The plant prefers humid places, grows in flood meadows, in thickets of bushes, it can be seen on the outskirts of swamps. The leaves of the plant resemble willow leaves from this and the Russian name is loosestrife.
Flowers grow well on fertile soils, prefer shade. They are unpretentious, with sufficient moisture they grow, turning into luxurious plants. During the cold season, the loosestrife is placed in winter gardens.
Looseweed flowers are useful and aesthetically beautiful. There are many varieties of this species, growing in the wild and naturalized, adapted to the different climatic conditions of different natural zones. It is an excellent medicinal raw material used in folk medicine and as a decoration for lawns and balconies in the summer.
Spotted verbain has a light brown long rhizome, branched at the end and forming a whorl of 4–6 underground shoots. The pubescent stem is erect, with few branches and sessile broadly lanceolate leaves. Lemon yellow flowers are abundant at the top of the stem.
This species grows on any soil, but slightly acidic light and medium loams are an ideal environment for the normal development of a plant. In nature, spotted loosestrife is found in the forests of Central and Western Europe with moist soil. Blooms from June to July (30–35 days). The plant looks spectacular in composite plantings near artificial reservoirs and in mixborders.
The common verbeynik is perfect for landscape decoration. This species blooms with small bell-shaped flowers, collected in paniculate inflorescences, at the end of June. The petals are yellow, shiny, reddish-brown at the base of the corolla, attract insects for pollination. The plant is a good honey plant.
Common loosestrife has astringent, choleretic, tonic, anti-inflammatory properties. An infusion of herbs is drunk with convulsions, general weakness, with hemoptysis and bleeding. An infusion of vodka is taken for jaundice and liver diseases: 2 tablespoons of common loosestrife herb insist for several days in a glass of vodka, use 20 drops, diluted in a glass of water, 3 times a day before meals.
The Beaujolais Loaf is a rhizome perennial plant. An unusual perennial with a height of 45–90 cm has a delightful appearance. Wine-red, almost black flowers of the plant are collected in ears. The silvery-green lanceolate leaves are slightly corrugated along the edge. For this type of loosestrife, fertile garden soils are preferred, the plants are used as curbs, arrays, for padding shrubs.
Lily of the valley (cage)
The lily-of-the-valley has a straight, furrowed, leafy stem. An adult plant reaches a height of 45 cm. This species is interesting for its spike-shaped inflorescences with small stellate white flowers located at the top of the stem. The leaves are alternate, bluish below, with a surface dotted with dots.
This species grows in mountain forests, in dry meadows of the Far East. In Primorye, 2 more species grow: loosestrife (very similar to lily of the valley, the same height, but more decorative) and yellow-flowered loosestrife daurian (height up to 1 m).
Looseweed roots contain saponins, triterpene compounds and are used in the recovery of the body after hemorrhage and bleeding.
Verbeinik point Lysimachia
Verbeinik point Lysimachia is used in folk medicine in the form of infusions for diarrhea, jaundice, scurvy. Shredded fresh leaves of the plant heal poorly healing wounds. The plant contains a large amount of saponins, which is why it is not of interest to animals. Incredibly beautiful flowers allow you to use the loosestrife in landscape design, it is unpretentious in care and grows quickly.
It is a herbaceous perennial, reaching a height of 40-50 cm, with sessile broad-lanceolate leaves, has lemon-yellow flowers, collected in large numbers on the slightly branched top of the stem. This species blooms for 30–35 days in June-July. It develops luxuriously only in sunny areas with fertile soil. Perfectly combined with other plants in group plantings near ponds and in mixborders. It is necessary to take into account, when designing flower beds, that this plant has a clump, rapidly growing in diameter, and displaces less hardy plants.
Purple loosestrife is a perennial rhizome plant with an attractive color of leaves and inflorescences. It forms small bushes with erect shoots. This species has a broad-lanceolate, smooth leaf blade. Yellow, with a red "eye" in the center of the corolla, small flowers are collected in thin inflorescences at the tops. The plant is light-loving, loves moisture, grows poorly on "poor" soils.
The ciliated loaf is endowed with erect stems 45 cm tall. Its leaves are paired, wine-red, broadly lanceolate. At the ends of the stems and in the axils of the upper leaves, small lemon-yellow flowers are formed, collected in a loose inflorescence. The flowering period of this species is August-September. The plant loves sunny areas, is used in contrasting flower beds, frost-resistant. A wild plant chooses meadows, forest edges, glades. The homeland of ciliate loosestrife is North America.
Useful properties of loosestrife
Looseweed has been famous for its beneficial properties since ancient times. Scientifically confirmed the presence of hyperin, rutin, phenolcarboxylic acids and their derivatives in roots, leaves and flowers. The content of primverase enzyme, silicic acid in the plant was revealed. All parts of the plant contain saponins, tannins, carbohydrates, nitrogen-containing compounds.
The use of loosestrife
The loosestrife has found wide application in folk medicine. With various gastrointestinal diseases, the plant is the first assistant on the path to recovery. Bites of animals, snakes, insects will not be painful and will not cause complications if you start taking loosestrife-based products in time and apply dressings soaked in fresh juice. Skin inflammation, some types of eczema, thrush can be treated with loosestrife. People with dust-laden lung disease usually have a hard time coughing; in order to be able to easily get rid of mucus, they are recommended to use loosestrife in the form of tea.
Young stems of the plant are used for infusions and decoctions, in combination with honey, this is an excellent medicine for coughs and shortness of breath. Powdered dry roots effectively heal wounds, reduce pain in various inflammations, stop bleeding in case of vascular damage. Looseweed infusions and decoctions are used for constipation, bruises, peptic ulcer disease, gynecological diseases, for anemia, scurvy, migraine. Resorption of tumors, swelling with bruises, and elimination of hernias occur quickly.
Contraindications to the use of loosestrife
Looseweed is contraindicated in certain blood diseases, it is dangerous to take funds based on loosestrife for thrombosis, varicose veins, sclerosis of the limb vessels. It is also not recommended to use the plant for patients suffering from hypertension. Do not give herbal decoctions to treat dry coughs in children.
The author of the article: Sokolova Nina Vladimirovna | Phytotherapist
Education: Diploma in "General Medicine" and "Therapy" received at the Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Peoples' Friendship University of Moscow (2008).