Diet for dysentery in adults
Dysentery is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Shiggel and affecting the gastrointestinal tract. Through the oral cavity, dysentery sticks penetrate into the digestive tract, settling in the large intestine. The disease is accompanied by anatomical lesions and functional failures of the digestive system. In this case, intoxication of the body is observed. Frequent stools have a fluid consistency and a bloody mucous component.
The pathogen is transmitted from a patient with dysentery or from a person who is its carrier by contact-household, water or food. You can get infected through raw water, unwashed fruits, dirty hands. Flies and cockroaches are also carriers of infection. The causative agent is characterized by a fecal-oral route of spread.
Bacteria of the Shiggel genus are characterized and differ among themselves by the ability to penetrate into the body, adhesion (attachment to other cells), subsequent reproduction and then toxin formation. These characteristics are most pronounced in the bacterium Grigoriev-Shiga, less in Flexner, and even less in other species.
While decomposing in the human body, shiggels release exotoxins and endotoxins. Shiggels Sonne have a very high survival rate in the external environment. Under favorable conditions, they do not lose their biological properties for up to six months. Therefore, they can colonize in food, even those that have been previously heat-treated.
Dysentery can be acute or chronic. In both cases, the patient is the spread of the infection. Acute dysentery is of mild, moderate and severe severity. With a mild course of the disease, the patient sometimes recovers on his own within a week. At the same time, the probability of the formation of chronic dysentery is high. The severe form can be fatal.
The main symptoms of dysentery:
- pain and rumbling in the abdomen;
- temperature increase;
- frequent defecation (several dozen times a day), which has a liquid fraction with bloody and mucous components;
- lack of appetite.
The greatest danger is the possible consequences caused by dysentery, namely, intestinal bleeding, bacteremia (bacteria entering the bloodstream), toxic megacolon (accompanied by impaired bowel emptying and enlargement of the colon), uremic syndrome (leading to the development of renal failure and problems with stopping bleeding) …
Dysentery is diagnosed based on the results of feces culture to identify infectious agents (bacteriological method).
Treatment is prescribed by an infectious disease physician based on culture and clinical findings. However, treatment is not only about strictly following and adhering to the recipe, but also adhering to the necessary strict diet.
Diet for dysentery
It is important to understand that when symptoms of dysentery appear, a doctor or an ambulance team should be called to the house in case of a severe course of the disease. However, if the patient has a mild form of dysentery and he sees no reason for concern, then you need to know that in the course of treatment, you must definitely follow a special diet, since dysentery sticks affect the intestinal walls (its mucous membrane).
In the first days of the disease, accompanied by severe intoxication, it is recommended to take liquid food every few hours: various compotes, jelly, meat broths, fruit juices, jellies. Avoid sodas, dense foods (even mashed potatoes) and milk. This will keep your digestive tract from stressing and help prevent gas build-up.
After the signs of intoxication disappear, it is necessary to eat often, in small fractional portions up to seven times a day. In this case, it is worth giving preference to protein foods, but not giving up fats and carbohydrates. Meals should remain mixed and complete.
It is recommended to use slimy soups with cereals on a decoction of vegetables; boiled buckwheat, rice and oatmeal, rubbed through a sieve; eggs, steamed or soft-boiled; lean fish and meat in the form of mashed potatoes or soufflé; moderately sour berry mousses. Eat more foods containing the following vitamins: ascorbic acid, retinol, phylloquinones (K1) and B vitamins. After a few days, you can eat solid foods: dry white bread, boiled mashed fish or meat, cottage cheese, baked apples.
It is also important to drink enough fluids to stay hydrated. Compliance with a diet helps to speed up the healing process, favorably affects the outcome of the disease and prevents the occurrence of chronic dysentery.
Article author: Mochalov Pavel Alexandrovich | d. m. n. therapist
Education: Moscow Medical Institute. IM Sechenov, specialty - "General Medicine" in 1991, in 1993 "Occupational Diseases", in 1996 "Therapy".