Causes and symptoms of bruises
What are bruises?
Contusion is a closed damage to tissues and organs with a slight violation of their structure. This type of injury can be the result of fractures, dislocations. As a rule, a bruise occurs due to damage to the subcutaneous tissue and the skin itself, but sometimes bruises of internal organs occur - for example, a contusion of the brain.
Causes of bruises
A bruise is caused by a strong blow or a fall. A bruise occurs as a result of a strong blow with a non-sharp object on the surface of the skin. In case of bruises, the skin does not tear, only the soft tissues that are located under the skin and the skin itself are affected.
With bruises, the skin is damaged and the organs located under the skin are affected. Damaged blood vessels begin to bleed, resulting in a bruise - this is the accumulation of blood in the surrounding tissues after injury. If small vessels are damaged, blood stops flowing inside the tissues after ten minutes. And if large vessels were damaged, then the blood can flow for about a day. These bruising symptoms are considered the most common and basic.
During the first day, the bruise will be bluish in color, after three to four days it will become more yellow. There will be swelling in this place, and the person will feel pain. But then the pain will go away, only discomfort will remain with some movements, which will also soon pass. If the bruise was too severe, then organs located near the injured site may be damaged.
If the bruise was very severe, then you need to see a doctor. If the injury is small, then you just need to apply ice to the sore spot.
The most important thing is to determine in the first hours after receiving a bruise whether nearby organs, bones, joints have suffered or not. To check, it is necessary to take an X-ray and conduct a survey fluoroscopy of the abdominal organs. It is especially important for athletes to monitor such things, since even a small injury can sometimes lead to serious consequences.
In order to quickly and without consequences heal a bruise, it is necessary to use various medications prescribed by a doctor.
With severe bruises and suspicions of complications, complete rest is necessary. In the first hours after injury, the doctor must eliminate bleeding and reduce the patient's hematoma. In this case, it is necessary to apply ice or a cold compress, apply a tight bandage.
If a limb was injured, the leg or arm is bandaged with an elastic bandage, and then ice is applied. The limb must be kept in a highly raised state and sometimes the bandage must be loosened so as not to impair blood circulation. It is necessary to cool the site of bruises during the first day.
If you receive a bruise on the face or body, it is impossible to apply a bandage and you need to apply ice directly to the site of the injury. Cold lotions should be done within twenty-four or thirty-six hours. Then, in order for the swelling to pass faster, the bruised area must be warmed up.
Semi-alcohol compresses, warm baths are prescribed. For severe and moderate bruises, magnetotherapy, UHF therapy, electrophoresis of potassium iodide, ronidase, lidase are used. After severe bruises, a hematoma may occur, which has clear boundaries. If it does not go away for a long time, it is removed surgically, usually by puncture.
Article author: Mochalov Pavel Alexandrovich | d. m. n. therapist
Education: Moscow Medical Institute. IM Sechenov, specialty - "General Medicine" in 1991, in 1993 "Occupational Diseases", in 1996 "Therapy".