A neurologist is a doctor who diagnoses, treats and prevents diseases of the nervous system.
Neurology is a branch of medicine that studies the human nervous system. It is closely related to neurosurgery, pediatrics and psychiatry. These branches of medicine have a lot in common and very often the treatment takes place in a complex, with the interaction of doctors. Neurologists specialize in so-called nervous diseases, study them, diagnose them and choose the best treatment options. Doctors of this profile help with depression and neurosis, but the main subject of the study of neurology is functional, degenerative, inflammatory and vascular lesions of the nervous system. This area of medicine is at the junction of several specialties.
Many doctors send patients to a neurologist's office before making a final diagnosis. Thousands of patients need the services of this specialist. Neurologists are consulted for admission to universities, employment, in cases where certificates, examinations and medical reports are required. This is a highly demanded specialty in medical practice. What and how do neurologists treat, what is the peculiarity of this profession and when should you contact the professionals of this profile? Let's try to understand these issues.
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- What does a neurologist do?
- Diseases treated by a neurologist
- At a neurologist's appointment
- When is it necessary to visit a neurologist?
- What is the neurologist looking at?
- What is included in a neurologist's appointment?
- Appointment to a neurologist
What does a neurologist do?
A certified neurologist with specialized training, he thoroughly knows the structure and all the features of the central nervous system (CNS). He is able to recognize characteristic symptoms, carry out the necessary tests, diagnose and prescribe treatment.
To realize oneself in this area of medicine and become a neurologist, it is necessary to receive a medical education in the specialty of "general medicine" or "pediatrics". Complementing postgraduate education is necessary with internship training. This gives the right to independently conduct medical activities and confirms the qualifications of a specialist in the field of "neurology".
There are a lot of diseases associated with disorders of the nervous and peripheral systems. A neurologist must know the specifics of each. Usually, violations are associated with developing infectious inflammation of the brain and disruptions in the work of biological neural connections. The most common neurological diseases are migraines, strokes, neuritis, tumor formations, epileptic seizures, encephalopathy (See also: causes and symptoms of encephalopathy).
Among neurologists there is a separate category of specialists whose activities are related exclusively to children's neurological problems. The nervous system of children is different from that of adults. Many of the chronic diseases develop precisely at a young age, are quite difficult and have dangerous consequences. One of these serious diseases is epilepsy. Children with abnormalities and clear signs of impaired functioning of the nervous system require special medical attention and control. Approaches to treatment also differ, all this confirms the validity of the existence of pediatric neurology as a separate area of medicine.
Diseases treated by a neurologist
Neurological diseases have their own characteristics. In most cases, they are accompanied by numerous symptoms. This is a whole complex of signs and manifestations that can be caused by a variety of reasons.
Let us single out pathological conditions that are within the competence of a neurologist:
- Headache, facial pain (migraines, nervous tics, tremors, Bell's paralysis, etc.);
- Convulsive states, epileptic seizures, impaired consciousness;
- Back pain (hernial formations, radiculitis, osteochondrosis, etc.);
- Stroke and its consequences;
- Injuries, consequences of back and head injuries;
- Alzheimer's disease;
- Parkinson's disease, etc.
At a neurologist's appointment
An appointment with a neurologist traditionally begins with interviewing the patient and clarifying complaints. In order to get the most accurate clinical picture and prevent mistakes in diagnosis, the patient must help the doctor: describe in detail his condition, talk about symptoms that worsen well-being, their regularity and severity.
The neurologist must study the medical history and conduct an examination. If there is not enough data for diagnosis, additional studies may be ordered. The goal of the doctor is to get a clear and correct understanding of the work and state of the human nervous system. For this, all its sections are examined, from muscles to the brain. The patient's reflexes, coordination, gait, cranial nerves, etc. are studied. Such an integrated approach makes it possible to determine the anatomical features of the body and prescribe the best treatment option. It can be conservative and surgical. Everything is individual, the choice of treatment tactics depends on the type of disease, the general condition of the patient and the stage of the identified pathology.
When is it necessary to visit a neurologist?
Many of the known neurological symptoms accompany diseases of other systems of the human body. Not everyone knows about their belonging and seriousness. By postponing a visit to a doctor, you can bring the condition to serious complications. Any deviation associated with the nervous system should not be ignored.
A neurologist is consulted when the following symptoms appear:
- Frequent, prolonged, severe headaches;
- Back pain and lower back pain;
- Muscle weakness;
- Speech disorders;
- Poor sleep (frequent awakenings, insomnia);
- Numbness, loss of sensation, tingling of the limbs;
- Dizziness, tinnitus, fainting;
Weakness, rapid fatigability, impaired gait and coordination of movement;
- Disturbance of memory and perception, absent-mindedness.
Symptoms such as facial asymmetry, frequent mood swings, and voice changes can result from neurological diseases. To an ordinary person, these manifestations may seem commonplace, but for an experienced neurologist, these are typical symptoms that often result from the development of a serious illness. Any of the listed signs of illness should be a reason for a visit to the doctor. It can be directly a neurologist or a therapist who will determine which particular specialist should be consulted.
What is the neurologist looking at?
A visit to any doctor is accompanied by excitement, anxiety and fear of the unknown. If you have never been to a neurologist, and do not know what awaits you at the appointment, drop all fears. Awkward situations are excluded, this is just a collection of information necessary for an accurate diagnosis. A specialist consultation includes an initial examination and a survey with a set of standard questions. The physician must accurately determine the neurological condition of the patient. To do this, he may ask about his age, marital status, place and schedule of work, history of taking medications. The list of mandatory questions includes clarification of all points related to the genetic predisposition and the general health of the patient
What is included in a neurologist's appointment?
Among the medical services provided by a neurologist, the following types are mandatory:
- Anamnesis taking, which involves a thorough study of the medical history: injuries received, illnesses and surgeries, peculiarities of work, living, etc.
- Visual examination and palpation of the patient.
- Study of the sensitive function and the motor system.
The complex of medical services may include an ultrasound of the brain. The final stage is the appointment of treatment. This can be drug therapy, dietary recommendations and a therapeutic and recreational regimen suitable for the identified pathology.
Appointment to a neurologist
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