2023 Author: Josephine Shorter | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-11-27 04:34
All varieties of tomatoes with photos
Tomatoes are rich in various biologically active substances. Such a bright tasty vegetable is able to normalize the acidity of the intestinal microflora, as well as prevent cell aging. Eating delicious tomatoes on a regular basis significantly reduces the risk of cancer. Tomatoes have powerful antioxidant properties, thanks to which they completely neutralize free radicals in the human body.
A huge amount of lycopene is found in ordinary tomato paste, which modern experts advise to eat. Tomatoes are indicated for cleansing the walls of blood vessels, preventing strokes and heart attacks, as well as for the treatment of atherosclerosis. Healing tomato juice is essential for all people suffering from intestinal or stomach ulcers.
Tomatoes, ground to a mushy state, are used externally for the treatment of non-healing ulcers, abscesses and erysipelas of the skin. This remedy is also indicated for severe varicose veins. Tomatoes have a miraculous effect on the state of blood vessels in the brain, and also prevent the formation of adipose tissue in the liver, while normalizing blood cholesterol levels. It should also be noted that tomatoes can reduce weight, normalize carbohydrate metabolism, improve the functioning of the eyes and the reproductive system, provide adequate cellular nutrition and restore the functioning of the nervous system.
- Composition and calorie content
- Tomato varieties for greenhouses
- Tomato varieties for open ground
- Tomato varieties for Siberia
- Varieties of the sweetest tomatoes
- Tomato varieties for the Moscow region
- Varieties of pink tomatoes
- Low-growing varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
- Varieties of low-growing tomatoes for open ground
- Hybrid Tomatoes
- Dutch tomato varieties
- Yellow tomato varieties
- The best varieties of tomatoes
- Growing tomatoes
- Application of tomatoes
Composition and calorie content
- Fats: 0.2 g
- Carbohydrates: 5.2 g
- Water: 92.8 g
- Ash: 0.7 g
- Cellulose: 1.4 g
|Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)||25 mg||28%|
|Beta carotene||450-800 mcg||13%|
|Minerals (in 100 g):||amount||% RDA|
Other important connections:
- Phytosterols - 7 mg (12.7% of the RDI)
- Purines - 6 mg (3% of the RDI)
- Oxalic acid - 2 mg (0.5% of the RDI)
Complete chemical composition ➤
Tomato varieties for greenhouses
Of the incredible multitude of all kinds of hybrids and varieties of tomatoes, each particular gardener prefers one, and is silent about others, since there are a lot of criteria for evaluating the selected tomatoes. We can say that the majority of gardeners who grow tomatoes in greenhouse conditions are popular with such varieties as "Budenovka", "Cavalier", "Shustrik", "Red Cheeks", "Kostroma", "Erema", "Palace", "Admiralteisky", "Evpator", "Sultan", "Blagovest" and others. You can also recommend the late-ripening variety "Sibiryak", the hybrid "Ural" and the mid-season variety "Kamchatka" for planting.
Tomato varieties for open ground
Among the early varieties intended for open ground, one can note such a variety as "Riddle". It has round, even fruits with a dense skin. If stepchildren are not removed from such a plant, then the tomatoes will be slightly smaller, but much tastier. The variety "Anastasia" forms a tall bush and a huge number of fruits in a short time. Typically, the weight of the fruit is about 200 grams. As a result, at least 10 kg can be collected from one ordinary bush. The "Urozhainy" variety is somewhat inferior to "Anastasia", its yield does not exceed 9 kg per bush.
From the mid-early one, the Raspberry Giant variety can be distinguished. It deserves credit for its sweet, large flattened fruit. The Dutch variety "Roma" can boast of medium-sized fruits weighing no more than 100 grams. However, up to 20 beautiful even tomatoes can be formed simultaneously on one brush. The height of such bushes can be about half a meter.
Among the mid-season varieties for open ground with large fruits, the variety "Gigant-5", or "Pink Elephant" is distinguished. Delicate tiny fruits of the varieties "Ogorodnik" and "Matroskin". The yield of such plants can reach 12 kg from one good bush. "Hybrid-35" boasts smooth tomatoes with amazing taste.
Of the late-ripening varieties, the Miracle of the World is especially popular. Such an exotic yellow variety conquers with its numerous fruits up to 40 pieces per brush. They are especially tasty when pickled.
Wonder of the world
Varieties of the sweetest tomatoes
True gardeners advise planting such sweet varieties of tomatoes as Orange Pear, Rio Grand, Bull's Heart and Cherry. The fruits of such plants are very fleshy, have incomparable taste, a large amount of useful microelements. In addition, they are perfectly stored for a long time.
Master Garden F1
Tomato varieties for Siberia
Correctly selected varieties are the key to an excellent harvest. For the Siberian climate, the hybrid-F1 variety will be an excellent choice. Even under unfavorable conditions, it gives high yields. From the early ripening can be recommended "Dubok", "Maysky early" and "Apples in the snow". Among the tall varieties, one can note the varieties "Olya-F1", "Volovye Heart" and "De Barao". The mid-season variety "Yubileiny Tarasenko" boasts large flat-round fruits. But the mass of red and pink "Giants" can reach 500 grams, while they conquer with their amazing taste. In addition, one should recall such large-fruited varieties as "King of London" and "Russian Bogatyr".
Apples in the snow
King of london
Tomato varieties for the Moscow region
A garden crop such as tomatoes is very popular because it is easily grown in the Moscow region and has an excellent taste. For growing tomatoes in such climates, it is recommended to choose different varieties of early or medium ripening. As a rule, such fruits will not take more than 90 days to ripen. They can be sown directly into open ground after the end of the May frost. Such varieties will allow you to harvest an excellent harvest of the sweetest and ripe tomatoes. It is possible to note such popular varieties for the Moscow region as "Sweet Grozd", "White filling", "Sultan", "Siberian early ripening" and "Andromeda".
Siberian early maturing
Varieties of pink tomatoes
Varieties of pink tomatoes are distinguished by their large fruit and early maturity. Fruit weight can be over 200 grams. The compact yet strong shrubs boast disease resistance. Fully ripe fruits are non-stained, and their rich pink color and exceptional taste make these wonderful varieties extremely popular with many modern gardeners. Those who appreciate great taste can be advised such interesting varieties as Tarpan, Cardinal, Giant, Pink Elephant, Slavyanka, Glasha and Varvara.
Miracle of the earth
Low-growing varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses
The varieties of low-growing tomatoes listed below are distinguished by a wonderful taste, as well as an increased yield. Their fruits are not very large, but the content of nutrients is much higher than that of other plants with large bushes. Compact bushes of the "Boni-M" variety begin to bear fruit after 80 days. A distinctive feature of the Betta variety is the juiciness of small fruits. "Gavroche" is intended for open ground and impresses with its early maturity. Moreover, the mass of its fruits does not exceed 50 grams. Seeds of these varieties can be sown directly into open ground, eliminating the need for tedious growing of seedlings.
red Riding Hood
Varieties of low-growing tomatoes for open ground
All varieties of low-growing tomatoes are suitable for open ground. But we list those varieties that have high yields and are resistant to viral diseases:
Heavyweight of Siberia
Low-growing high-yielding varieties of tomatoes for open ground:
Tomato hybrids are surprisingly resistant to a wide range of diseases, unlike varietal tomatoes. All fruits in hybrids always have the correct shape. Determinant hybrids have compact bushes with many short lateral shoots. They are great for various cold climates. There are such varieties as "Caspar F1", "Junior F1", "Dina", "Semko-98 F1", "Iogen", "White filling-241", "Quiz", "Titan" and others.
Dutch tomato varieties
Such seeds in almost all cases give an unsurpassed yield. They are resistant to various diseases. Separately, we can note such varieties as "Skif F1", "Tarpan F1", "Tolstoy F1", "Rio Grande", "Crystal F1" and "Don Jose F1". All fruits of the presented varieties are distinguished by increased fleshiness, dense skin and quick germination. In addition, these tomatoes have a spectacular appearance and extraordinary taste.
Don Jose F1
Yellow tomato varieties
Yellow tomatoes contain a lot of vitamins, they are sweeter and very beautiful. They are not believed to cause allergic reactions. Among the undersized varieties, one can distinguish "Zero". Such an early maturing variety is unpretentious and boasts a high yield. Burstin is a very interesting Polish variety. The bushes are compact in size, and the fruits reach 200 grams. The correct heart-shaped shape of the "Constellation Libra" tomato variety attracts the attention of many modern gardeners. The mass of rich yellow fruits sometimes reaches 700 grams. It should be noted also samples of yellow varieties "Golden Domes" and "Golden Heart", which are intended for open ground.
The best varieties of tomatoes
Modern breeders have bred a huge number of very different varieties. We can say that the best of them today are recognized such varieties as "White filling", "Bull heart", "Andromeda", "Admiralteisky", "Nevskie", "Jewels", "Siberian early ripening", "Raketa" and " De Barao ". As a rule, they are all resistant to various diseases, the weight of one fruit can reach 200 grams, and they have no equal in taste.
"White filling" - this ultra-early ripening variety conquers with its medium-sized delicious fruits weighing about 90 grams. Red fruits are spherical or flat-round in shape. The yield reaches 4 kg from one bush. When grown in greenhouses, yields of up to 8 kg can be expected.
"Bull's Heart" is a fantastic variety that many gardeners love for its large sweet fruits. This variety is a great option for fresh salads. The "bull heart" has very tall stems. They must be tied up during cultivation for good stability. The presented late-ripening variety is extremely resistant to various pests and diseases.
Siberian early ripening
Planting tomatoes for seedlings. Tomato seeds are formed already in the year of sowing. They are small and have a triangular-kidney shape. The mass of one thousand seeds does not exceed 5 grams. They are greyish-yellow in color. The germination capacity of such flat seeds can last for about 6 years. The sowing date of these vegetables should be calculated mainly from the date of the proposed planting of seedlings. As a rule, seeds should be sown 50 or 60 days before. The optimal sowing dates are mid-March and early April. Earlier sowing of seed is extremely undesirable, since the seedlings will greatly outgrow, which means it will hurt for a very long time after transplanting.
Before sowing seeds, it is recommended to soak them for 12 or 14 hours in a special solution of the necessary trace elements. For planting, experienced gardeners recommend purchasing a universal soil for tomatoes and small containers. The soil mixture is leveled well and moistened moderately. It is recommended to set aside a separate container for each individual grade. Selected seeds are sown into prepared grooves at a distance of about 5 cm from each other, the depth should not be more than 1 cm. Containers with planted seeds are covered with foil.
The optimum temperature for germination is 25 ° C heat. The first shoots in such conditions will appear on the 5th day. After they appear, you can remove the film and put the box on the windowsill. After the cotyledon leaves open, the temperature can be reduced to 15 ° C warm. Make sure you water regularly, but in moderation.
When to plant tomato seedlings? Seedlings can be planted after the end of the frost. There should be at least 70 cm between the rows and between 20 and 60 cm in the row itself. It is recommended to prepare the holes in advance with a special measuring stick. Before planting, each hole must be filled with a handful of humus mixed with phosphate fertilizers. It should be noted that the best results are obtained by potted stocky seedlings, which take root with incredible ease immediately after planting.
How to grow tomato seedlings? After planting tomatoes, experienced gardeners recommend tying them with a washcloth to a fairly strong and smooth cola, the height of which is at least one meter. No need to pull the stems tightly to the stake. When the tomatoes reach 40 cm in height, they can be tied in vertices of 4 pieces. Pickling tomatoes is extremely necessary.
Growing tomatoes in a greenhouse. In order to plant tomato seedlings in a heated greenhouse in April, the seeds must be sown at least in February. Keep in mind that at this time, artificial lighting will be required for about 12-13 hours a day for seed to emerge. It should be noted that daylight sunlight during this period of the year is not enough for normal plant growth. The first 3 weeks after emergence, the stems grow very slowly, and in the next 18–20 days, growth accelerates significantly. The optimum temperature for growing seedlings is considered to be between 15 and 25 ° C. The water intended for irrigation should also be quite warm - around 20 ° C.
It should be noted that seedlings grow in boxes without any additional feeding. With the necessary picking of seedlings, it is recommended to reject weak and diseased plants. Water the seedlings at least once every 5-7 days. When the new stepchildren reach a length of about 5 cm, a pair of upper shoots can be removed. This produces a good standard seedling, the optimum size of which ranges from 15 to 35 cm, with ten well-developed leaves and well-formed inflorescences. 3 days before planting the seedlings in its permanent place, competent gardeners recommend cutting off the 2 lower leaves.
The grown seedlings should be transplanted into your greenhouse between May 1st and May 15th. Small ridges, as a rule, are made along the greenhouse, and their number directly depends on the very width of the greenhouse complex. The optimal distance between a pair of plants should be at least 40 cm. It should be mentioned that the beds with the planted seedlings do not loosen and do not huddle in the summer. Airing for tomatoes is necessary, but mainly it is necessary in the flowering phase. Proper watering should be moderate and regular so that you can get sweet and meaty fruits.
Conditions for growing tomatoes. For good results, proper care of the seedlings is essential. Regular loosening, feeding, watering, removing weeds and unnecessary side shoots contribute to the rapid growth of plants and their fruiting.
Application of tomatoes
You can use not only the tomatoes themselves for medicinal purposes, but also the wonderful tops of the bushes. An infusion of dried and steamed tops quickly relieves pain in the feet with gout. It is recommended to soar your feet with this tool. Fats and acne will disappear if you treat your face with a slice of vegetable. Daily use of one glass of tomato juice with a teaspoon of honey has a general strengthening effect on the body. For a noticeable effect, an 8-week course of treatment is necessary.
For metabolic disorders, a special remedy is indicated. To prepare it, you need to take 1 kg of tomatoes and 300 grams of apples, horseradish and garlic. Everything should be chopped and mixed well. It is necessary to take such gruel inside, 2 tablespoons on an empty stomach. This apple-free remedy will help you quickly get rid of your cough. In this case, take 1 tablespoon before meals 3 times a day. In case of atherosclerosis and chronic constipation, it is necessary to consume one glass of tomato juice 10 minutes before each meal.
Author of the article: Alexey Kuzmin, expert agronomist, specially for the website ayzdorov.ru
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Full chemical composition of tomatoes per 100 g Calories 24 Kcal Fats:0.2 gProteins:1.1 gCarbohydrates:5.2 gWater:92.8 gAsh:0.7 gCellulose:1.4 gVitamins Nameamount% RDAVitamin B1 (thiamin)0.06 mg4%Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)0
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